Ethological Evolutionary Perspective the study of the evolutionary basis of

Ethological evolutionary perspective the study of the

This preview shows page 10 - 25 out of 37 pages.

Ethological (Evolutionary) Perspective the study of the evolutionary basis of behaviour and the contributions of evolved responses to a species’ survival and development Imprinting Critical/sensitive periods Bowlby – proximity-promoting signals Evolutionary psychology- ancestral environments
Image of page 10
Theories of Development Evolutionary developmental psychologists ask “How does a given behaviour contribute to development, and hence, survival?”
Image of page 11
the forces of evolution inserted an extra six years between infancy and pre-adolescence—a childhood—into the life of our species Neoteny , and the childhood it spawned, not only extended the time during which we grow up but ensured that we spent it developing not inside the safety of the womb but outside in the wide, convoluted, and unpredictable world
Image of page 12
HUMANS AS THE RESULT OF NEOTENIC DEVELOPMENT? JUVENILE CHIMPANZEE ADULT CHIMPANZEE
Image of page 13
CHIMPANZEE ONTOGENY HUMAN ONTOGENY
Image of page 14
Theories of Development Vygotsky – Sociocultural Theory unique in placing particular emphasis on the impact of children’s social and cultural worlds on their development child’s development is best understood as a product of social interaction Culture provides tools for thinking but also its nature
Image of page 15
The Oksapmin 27-body part counting system t-counting-system
Image of page 16
Image of page 17
Principle of falsifiability
Image of page 18
Operational definitions are used to link concepts with concrete observations. Do you think the examples given are reasonable operational definitions of frustration and aggression? Operational definitions vary in how well they represent concepts. For this reason, many different experiments may be necessary to draw clear conclusions about hypothesized relationships in psychology.
Image of page 19
Methods of Studying Children General Research Designs A major goal is to determine how particular variables are related to each other associations (correlations) cause-effect relations
Image of page 20
Methods of Studying Children Correlational Design Correlation: The association between two variables researcher gathers information about the variables of interest, with no intervention
Image of page 21
Methods of Studying Children Measure (1) how much violent TV children watch Measure (2) how many acts of violence children engage in during play
Image of page 22
Methods of Studying Children
Image of page 23
Methods of Studying Children
Image of page 24
Image of page 25

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 37 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture