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7. Briefly describe the reform policies of CCP in the 1980s. What were the major dilemmas facing the government in this period? What were the divisions within the leadership in regard to those dilemmas? How were these problems reminiscent of those that faced the Qing government in the late 19thcentury?
○which leads to a serious of social issues: overcrowded, the heavy traffic, insufficient welfare, healthcare, inequality in the distribution of education resources, and homelessness. ●corruption ○“It doesn’t matter the cat is white or black, so long as it catches mice.” ○after the beginning of the post-Mao reform period in 1978-79, China experienced a marked worsening of corruption. ○Used their position and its resources for their own benefits, and they manipulated recruitment system so that family members and connections could profit as well ■E.g.when Hu qiaomu’s son was arrested, he appealed to Deng to show mercy to his son (p384) The second major dilemmas brought by economic reform is the changing social structure, and this dilemma is apparent in the division within the leadership. Socialism with Chinese Characteristics (capitalism?) VS Socialism ●Conservative ○Income disparity: the return of capitalism and its evils as anathema, which is covered by calling it the “socialism with a Chinese face” ○1981 against “bourgeois liberalization” ○1983 against “spiritual pollution” ■Target was those with an “attitude of doing anything for money” ■Specific elements of “pollution”: Western-style individualism, clothing, hairdos, and pornographic films/videotapes; “decadent” music; the reappearance of “feudal” superstitions and religion ■
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Mao Zedong, People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping, Communist Party of China, Cultural Revolution