Hypertension diabetes increased cholesterol smoking

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Hypertension, diabetes, increased cholesterol, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, stress,obesity, male sex, family history of heart disease, older ageTobaccoSmokers: 2-3 times increased risk of heart attackLower HDL’sCO displaces oxygenCauses platelets to become sticky and increases blood thicknessNicotine – constriction of blood vesselsIncrease in blood pressurethe heart to work harderMay constrict coronary arterieslower blood flow to the heartmuscle20.Benefits of exerciseLowers LDL and increases HDLsControls blood pressureMaintains weightHelps prevent or control diabetesManages stressChapter 101.Function of insulin and its role in diabetes.
2.Define Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.
High risk for damage to the eyes, kidney, blood vessels, and nervesNerve damage to feetHeart disease4.Symptoms of both types of diabetes, target groups, and current treatments.Type 1 diabetesSymptomsIncreased thirst and frequent urinationExtreme hungerWeight lossFatigueBlurred visionTarget groupChildrenTreatmentDaily insulin injectionsMonitoring blood sugar levelsHealthy diet with carbs spread throughout the dayExerciseType 2 DiabetesSymptomsSameTarget groupOlder generationSedentary, bad dietTreatmentSometimes insulin injectionsExercise regularlyHealthy dietBlood sugar monitoring5.Risk factors for diabetesGenetics, disease or illness, disease of the pancreas, obesity or being overweight,impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, ethnic background, high bloodpressure, sedentary lifestyle, increasing age6.The role of diet and exercise in the management of Type 2 diabetesBoth help manage weight (read answer to next question)7.Understand the relationship between obesity and Type 2 diabetes.Being overweight can cause your body to become resistant to insulin and keepblood sugar levels highPhysical Therapy Lecture1.Define: tonic & phasic muscles; concentric, eccentric & isometric exercise;ProprioceptionTonic muscles (postural muscles) – for endurance, increase their size byincreasing capillary growthPhasic muscles – for strengthConcentric exercise – exercises in which the muscle shortens when generating a
force

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Term
Spring
Professor
Surrency

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