worked in the Texas oil industry and was an owner of the Texas Rangers baseball team before becoming governor. In 2000, he won the presidency after narrowly defeating Democratic challenger Al Gore. Bush’s time in office was shaped by the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks against America. In response to the attacks, he declared a global “war on terrorism,” established the Department of Homeland Security and authorized U.S.-led wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. What : In his first term, Bush won Congressional approval of widespread tax-cut bills and the Medicare prescription drug coverage program for seniors, signed the No Child Left Behind Act into law, allocated billions of dollars to fight HIV/AIDS around the world, created the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives, and withdrew America’s support of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which was intended to combat worldwide global warming. Bush said he was concerned that the international agreement’s requirements would hurt the U.S. economy. Bush’s presidency also began with a federal budget surplus, but costs of funding two wars was expensive, so broad tax cuts led to annual budget deficits starting in 2002. In 2008, America experienced its worst financial crisis since the Great Depression , so Congress passed a series of controversial Bush administration-sponsored plans to bail out the financial industry with hundreds of billions in federal funds. Bush lobbied for a plan to replace Social Security with private retirement savings accounts, but failed. Short Synopsis: foreign policy dominated by war on terror, No child left behind, tax cuts, high deficits, major economic problems, proposed privatizing social security, opposed stem cell research/pro- life/carbon reductions/ international law, but wanted more domestic drilling to alleviate oil dependence, major contributions to HIV/AIDs When: 2001-2009 Where: USA Why: September 11th, 2001 happened during his presidency and it blindsided everyone and not having it occur again became his #1 priority. In 1993, terrorists tried to blow the towers up from below, but failed. In 2001, terrorists hit the both twin towers, 2700+ died, hit the pentagon, 260 died. The thing that makes this enemy so hard is that these bombers are so willing to die. Majority of people in the middle east hate us, but they were the heart of the oil industry. Then, the Patriot Act (2001) is put in place to allow government to spy on you (can check your mail, wire tap, etc. all in an effort to stop terrorism) U.S.A. P.A.T.R.I.O.T.
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- Winter '20
- President of the United States, George H. W. Bush