Concern for the natural environment of the nation Major changes in age group needs ◦ Longer lifespans, higher birthrate, pressures on families Special rec for those with disabilities ◦ Therapeutic Recreation Interest in the arts Anti poverty movement through recreation and leisure Segregation and ultimately integration in recreation and leisure
1960s: The counterculture Challenge to tradition Greater equality for racial and ethnic minorities ◦ Public opinion and government essential ◦ Desegregation ◦ Civil Rights Act of 1964 ◦ Mobile recreation units Increased equality for women LGBTQ gains greater acceptance Refocus on older adults Increased disability programming
Austerity and Cutbacks 1970s and 80s Since the great depression, size of government grew tremendously ◦ Changes in economy and society increased infrastructure pressures on many areas throughout the country ◦ Led to a ‘tax revolt’, with many states reducing taxes at all levels Cuts were often made in leisure and recreation provisions ◦ Created the need to institute fees and charges for all but the most basic services Recreation and leisure moved more towards a market orientation ◦ Entrepreneurial and market oriented approach Privatization and outsourcing of operations Greatest impacts found in large, urban areas ◦ Recreation and leisure important glue for urban communities
The 1990s and 21 st Century Increases in affluence, but greater economic stratification ◦ The so-called “luxury fever”. ◦ Poverty levels have decreased, but are still higher then they were in the 1970s ◦ Socioeconomics dominate leisure opportunities Greater conservatism in social policy ◦ Withdrawal of economic assistance towards a variety of different programs Maturation of organized leisure ◦ Current political environment requires less reliance on tax dollars ◦ Fees make up 90% of operating budget for many public agencies Environment Technology is changing leisure as well
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