Academic libraries have played an important role in information literacy

Academic libraries have played an important role in

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Academic libraries have played an important role in information literacy developments in Europe. Information literacy initiatives in higher education have taken a variety of forms: stand-alone courses or classes, Web-based tutorials, course-related instruction, or course-integrated instruction (Virkus 2003 ). Also, in the early 2000s, the academic sector not only had to cope with the growth of ICT, but also the implementation of the Bologna process, the rise in lifelong learning and widening of access to higher education bringing in new learners with different prior educational experiences. Hyldeg å rd et al. ( 2011 ) sums up the research situation by explaining that a variety of theoretical and methodical approaches are used. Much of the research looks at information needs, the information search process and the use of infor- mation. Research results have become more nuanced through the inclusion of new topics, for example personality is increasingly important along with other con- tributing factors. Likewise, information behaviour in collective and collaborative contexts has also become more important. Increasingly, information behaviour is seen and analysed in relation to context and how this is interpreted in a given situation. Pedagogical collaborations within the fi eld of information literacy has mainly been studied in the US, with a good example found in the book Information Literacy Collaborations that Work , edited by Mackey and Jacobson from 2007 . The editors, from University at Albany, regard information literacy as an educa- tional issue that needs ongoing collaborations between academic staff and librari- ans. In this book, each chapter shares some story of collaboration between a librarian and other university staff or students, in an effort to develop better information literacy trainings. The book has three parts: Higher Education and Information Literacy Collaborations: Fostering Connections in the Undergraduate Programs and Graduate Education , The Disciplines and Information Literacy Collaboration: Building Partnerships with the Humanities, Social Sciences, and Sciences and Technology and Information Literacy Collaboration: Creating Links through the Web, Video, Wireless and Blogging . 1 Background and Earlier Research 3
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However interesting the case studies and practical examples may be, the book is too closely related to the US academic scenario to be fully serviceable for European academic libraries, and it does not have a special pedagogical focus. The Journal for Information Literacy, published by CILIP (the Chartered Insti- tute of Library and Information Professionals) in UK, is a major contributor to knowledge on information literacy research. In volume 13, no. 1, there is an interesting paper from our point of view: Stebbing et al.: What academics really think about information literacy. From the literature review, they found that there were two different approaches taken by library staff either teaching information literacy within the subject discipline, or speci fi
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