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visitations to other school principals such ongoing learning is vital for a school principal to gainexpertise in leading and managing the school effectively and efficiently.Richard Gorton & Kenneth McIntyre (1970s) in their national study of the principal ship foundeffective principals have their strongest asset “an ability to work with different kinds of peoplehaving various needs interests’ expectations”. They seem to understand people, know how tomotivate them and how to deal effectively with their problems. It is primarily this factor, ratherthan a technical expertise that caused the “significant others” to perceive these principals asaccessible and effective administrators. Sergiovanni (1995) believes school principal has the roleof ‘human engineer who emphasize human relations and interpersonal competence techniques.As human engineer, school principals provide needed support, encouragement, and growthopportunities for teachers and others. School principals should always support professionalgrowth for their subordinates to cultivate their hidden talents or unseen potentials that will in turncontribute to the school.CHANGE MANAGEMENTWhy Do Organizations Change?Organizational change is the movement of an organization from one state of affairs to another. Achange in the environment often requires change within the organization operating within thatenvironment.Change in almost any aspect of a company’s operation can be met with resistance, and differentcultures can have different reactions to both the change and the means to promote the change. Tobetter facilitate necessary changes, several steps can be taken that have been proved to lower theanxiety of employees and ease the transformation process.Often, the simple act of including employees in the change process can drastically reduceopposition to new methods. In some organizations, this level of inclusion is not possible, andinstead organizations can recruit a small number of opinion leaders to promote the benefits ofcoming changes.Change management addresses the people side of change. Creating a new organization,designing new work processes, and implementing new technologies may never see their fullpotential if you don't bring your people along. That's because financial success depends on howthoroughly individuals in the organization embrace the change.Change management comprises the processes, tools and techniques used to manage the peopleside of change and achieve desired business outcomes. Ultimately,change management focuseson how to help employees embrace, adopt and utilize a change in their day-to-day work. Changemanagement is both a process and a competency.8
Change management is a systematic approach to dealing with the transition or transformation ofan organization's goals, processes or technologies. The purpose of change management is toimplement strategies for effecting change, controlling change and helping people to adapt tochange.

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