Didnt accept absolutism and fought the prince o who

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didn’t accept absolutism and fought the princeoWho is really going to have power?oPrince, Estates, or CompromiseEconomic Crisis: Gold and silver from the New WorldoCurrency in Europe was based on silver (most importantly) and then a little gold.One of the reasons it was currency was because it was rare and currency was veryvaluable.oThe Spanish discovered lots and lots of silver deposits and brought it back toEurope… SHIPLOADS of gold and silveroWhen it got back to Spain, they made coins out of it and purchased goodsoWhen you take a large amount of new currency and toss it into an economy,inflation generally occurs. That is definitely what happened here. Goods werevery expenses. Sometimes the influx of currency stops, but the prices continue torise and the system crashes.Germany30 Years’ War, 1618-1648Causes: religious and constitutional issuesBegan in BohemiaoCatholic (princes) v. Calvinist (estates)oRudolph II (Habsburg and Catholic), ruled 1576-1612Emperor and in 1609 he issues to the Bohemian Estates what is called theLetter of Majesty.oLetter of Majesty, 1609 Religious TolerationThe acceptance or recognition of religious tolerance (you can worship anyreligion you please. He says it’s okay to be a Calvinist.
oFerdinand II, ruled 1619-1637 (Catholic)The heir after Rudolph’s brotherFerdinand is a hard core Catholic. He said on one occasion that he wouldrather rule over a desert than to tolerate one unrighteous deed against theCatholic Church or to let a heretic live.Ferdinand lets it be known that when he becomes emperor he is not goingto honor some of the provisions of the Letter of Majesty--- he is not goingto appoint anyone but a Catholic in Bohemia and he says some Catholiclands that have become protestant will have to be returned to the ChurchAll of the toleration that Rudolph gave them is basically overThis makes the Calvinists in the estates very angryoDefenestration of Prague, May 1618Ferdinand sends 2 men, both Catholic, to the Bohemian Estates to tellthem what he expects them to do when he becomes emperor and themembers of the estates are infuriated and they throw them out the windowDefenestration means to throw someone out of the windowThere was manure outside of the window and that broke their fall and theyall lived--- only one guy broke his armThe protestants saw the fact that they fell into manure as God saying whathe thought of CatholicsThe Catholics thought of it as a sign from God that they livedOne woman said she saw the Virgin Mary guide them into the pile ofmanureoFrederick the Palatinate (Calvinist)Appointed Ruler of BohemiaFerdinand thinks its time for war and goes to war against the Bohemian EstatesoCatholics defeated the Calvinists, but war spread to GermanyFerdinand decides he’s going to crush them to the point of embarrassmentthen go and physically remove Frederick from the Palatinate. All of the

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Term
Spring
Professor
Zucker
Tags
Calvinism, Martin Luther, Protestant Reformation

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