Stoicism: The Ethics of Dispassion
For Plato, the Forms are the __________ foundation of reality, which
means that knowledge of reality is grounded in knowledge of the
Plato was interested in abstract concepts (e.g., being and substance). These
concepts are the subjects of the field of philosophy known as metaphysics.
Plato wanted to know how these concepts exist in reality (i.e., their
essences). Therefore, Plato's Forms were his metaphysical notion of the
essences that ground the knowledge of reality.
Plato's Forms: The Objects of Knowledge
Nancy is a cashier at a grocery store. A boy from her school, who she knows
is underage, attempts to buy beer. Nancy hesitates before completing the
According to Aristotle’s ethics, which question should Nancy ask
Why is this action right, and why is it wrong?