The existence of God should be supported with reason to convince non-believers - Philosophy over Theology Locke (Human Understanding) - Epistemology: theory of knowledge - Six points on what knowledge is and is not Kant
- Defines what it means to be enlightened - Laziness causes man to let others guide him and therefore keeps him immature and not enlightened - Nothing is required for enlightenment except for freedom - There is a time to obey and a time to question Franklin - Deism - God does not intervene in the world Pascal - 3 ways to believe: reason, tradition and inspiration - Reason compliments faith - We can use reason to persuade people to have faith - “Heart” Voltaire Wesley Locke (Political Treatise) - God gave the earth to all mankind not to individuals - “Firstly… Secondly…. Thirdly... ” - “Property” Rousseau - Inequality of women is due to natural and biological differences - Women are made to please men - Women are weak Wollstonecraft - Most respectable women are the most oppressed - “Would men but generously snap our chains, and be content with the rational fellowship instead of slavish obedience….” Declaration of the Rights of Women - The sex that is as superior in beauty as it is in courage during the sufferings of maternity recognized and declares in the presence; and under the auspices of the Supreme Being - Born free, lives equal to man in her rights Declaration of the Rights of Men - Politics should be based on equality - Neglect, and scorn of the rights of man are the sole causes of public misfortunes and of corruptions of governments….” - Liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression
Las Casa - Written in dramatic style because it was intended to motivate the King of Spain to save the people of the Americas - Emphasizes the abuse of Spanish countrymen and how they turned native Indians away from Christianity - Christians murdering Equiano - Description of crossing the Atlantic in a slave ship - Questions slaveowners about their Christianity
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