electronic parts to add to his sound system He was a man with a calling – but at the time just an obsessed character He took some of DJ Kool Herc’s ideas – who is the founding father o He is responsible for the idea of playing a string of beats back to back o Proved that a DJ could contribute just like a band o Kool Herc would use two records and mix them back and forth Flash wanted to mix music in a way so that it wasn’t choppy o He separated himself from Kool Herc by being the scientist o Kool Herc’s concentration was on the sound system while Flash’s was on precision Peak-A-Boo System: o Back in these days they didn’t have a headphone that would let them listen to the track they were about to play before they played it o Flash gets credit to come up with this system for street DJs o He also gets credit for the cross fader on the mixer He also came up with the Clock Theory – having the same record on two turn tables o Gives DJs the chance to have enough precision and time to DJ without error o Gives them 16 seconds of music to play for the crowd instead of only 8 He put tape on the record at the 12:00 position so that you can see one revolution of the record
Clock theory means that if you spin the record back a certain number of times, you don’t have to listen to anything to know what will be play o Trick DJs use this o The tape allows him to play exactly what he wants to play Grandmaster Flash stands out because he was a pioneer and took DJing to the next level Flash is respected not only for his skill but also for these innovations Quick Mix Theory: o Flash also gets credit for inventing this o Taking the same section of music and cutting it back and forth on time, within 3 seconds or less At first, people believed that he was not doing records justice by cutting them back and forth Flash didn’t want to say anything (toasting) – he would put the microphone in front and face it to the crowd Sometimes the MC (named Cowboy) would take the microphone and take attention away from Grandmaster Flash Flash also gets credit for “inventing” the beat box in 1974-75 o Not human beat box referring to the drum machine o He didn’t invent the drum machine but he knew a real drummer with a machine that he manually operated (percussion box) o When the drummer didn’t want to take out his drums he would use this machine o He bought it from the drummer, learned how to program it, and used it to build a routine where he used an MC and a beat box Flash was also one of the first to perform tricks like mixing behind his back while DJing Each DJ brought different factors: o DJ Afrika Bambaataa – he was known for his record collection (had 25 milk crates full) o DJ Kool Herc – brings the sound system o DJ Grandmaster Flash – brought skillmanship He also had the beat box which gave him an exclusive advantage as no one else had one MC would talk about it as music with no turn table
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- Winter '11
- Hip hop music, Grandmaster Flash