Infants wrapped in swaddling clothes wore close fitting peaked caps Small boys

Infants wrapped in swaddling clothes wore close

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Infants wrapped in swaddling clothes & wore close-fitting peaked caps Small boys were nude or wore short chiton Girls wore chitons like older women Boys & girls wore himations -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chapter 4 - Etruria & Rome - c. 800 B.C. – A.D. 400 Etruria Civilizations of the Ancient World The Ancient World - c. 3500 B.C. - A.D. 300 Map of Etruria - Tuscany Etruscan Background - Etruscans were a dominant, military, aristocracy - City-states ruled by kings & nobles - Formed a loose confederation - Written language - Not fully understood today - Amassed great wealth - City planning Evidence of Dress - Grave Cities & Etruscan Trading Map Etruscan Background Women occupied a position of greater importance than Greek or Roman women Art showed strong Greek influences - Greek colonies in southern Italy - Close, active trading relationship with Greece
26 Used vivid color & patterning in clothing Male Reclining on Couch Etruscan Sculpture - Terra cotta sculpture of Hermes - original & reconstruction Etruscan Dress - Copy of the Tomb of the Triclinium showing a traditional banquet feast - Elements of Etruscan dress were similar to those of the ancient Greeks - Undermost, a loincloth or perizoma Men’s Dress - Statuette from Cyprus wearing a perizoma (loincloth) - Perizomas & Belts Etruscan Chitons - Close fitting - Less volume - Shorter Others wore more closely fitted tunics with flared sleeves & skirts Etruscans wrapped different types of cloaks over the tunic Woman’s wrap with long hanging tabs. Man’s wrap draped to the front. A tebenna wrapped like the Himation A tebenna draped to the front Men & Women 3 varied styles of mantles - from left to right - Cape-like garment worn by women with long tabs hanging in front Tebenna with curved edge in front Tebenna draped over one shoulder The tebenna is thought to be the forerunner of an important Roman garment, the toga Men’s Dress - Man with child depicted on the Tomba del Barone Women’s Dress - Greek & Etruscan Men & Women - Tomba dei Vasi Dipinti - Tomb of the Painted Vases Men & Women - Etruscan Couple - Banquet of Eternity - Terra cotta sculpture of Etruscan couple at the banquet of eternity
27 Dancers - Dancing Girls Women’s Dress - Early Etruscan figurines - Mantles over chitons Women’s Dress - Female dancer - Reclining lady (Doric chiton) Figure 4.2 - Page 78 Reclining Lady - Doric Chiton - Details Women’s Dress - Chiton & tutulus - Dancing girl wearing a wrapped tebenna over a ceremonial gown with soft leather Etruscan boots Women’s Dress - Tunic with funnel-shaped sleeves - Tunic & overtunic Women’s Headdress - Gold diadem - Tutulus - Snood & diadem Etruscan Shoes Etruscan Children Necklace & bulla found in infant’s ash urn Two bullae, 5 th C BC Votive statuette of a seated child made as a gift to a god Accessories ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Chapter 4 - Rome c. 800 B.C. - A.D. 400 Part I - The Ancient World - c. 3500 B.C. - A.D. 300 Civilizations of the Ancient World Roman Background - Early kings of Rome were Etruscan - 509 BC Rome broke away & conquered Etruscan city states Roman Background Roman Republic - Conservative government - 2 elected consuls - Senate, popular assembly - Expanded control

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