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How Power Affects PeopleoPower and PeopleDoes power corrupt? – SometimesPower leads people to place their own interestsahead of othersoPowerful people can objectify othersoPowerful people react, especially negatively, to any threats to their competencePower leads to overconfidentdecision-making/poor judgmentPower leads to self-interestedbehavior for those with weak moral identityPower does not corrupt the anxiousPower can energize and provide motivationOrganizational systems contains corrosive effects of power through accountabilityPeople low in statusare most likely to gain/abusepowerEnhance motivation to help others – those with strong moral valuesRational Persuasiononly tactic effective across all organizational levels
Buad309 Exam 3: Chap 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18Enhances the moral awareness of people with strong moral identitySexual Harassment: Unequal Power in the WorkplaceoSexual harassment is wrongIt can be costlyto employers (millions)Leaves a negative impacton the work environment (impacts everyone)oSexual harassment:any unwanted activity of a sexual nature that affects an individual’s employment and creates a hostile work environmentComments or behavior perceived as hostile/abusiveOvert – touching, requests for dates, threats of job lossSubtle – off color jokes, pin up calendarsoPower is central to understanding sexual harassmentMore likely when there are large power differentialsHarassment by boss creates greatest difficultyHarassment can occur at any level and between all genders oPreventing Sexual HarassmentManagers have a responsibility to protect their employees from a hostile work environment, and they also need to protect their organizations1.Have an active policy in place with procedures for complaints2.No retaliation for reporting harassment3.Investigate every complaint4.Discipline or terminate offenders5.Train – seminars/online coursesCauses and Consequence of Political BehavioroPolitical Behavior:activities that are not required as part of one’s formal role in the organization, but that influence the distribution of advantages within the org.Outside of one’s specified job requirementsEncompasses effort to influence decision making goals, criteria or processesIncludes such behaviors as withholding info, whistle blowing, spreading rumors and leaking confidential informationoWhat Causes Political Behavior?Peoples’ values, goals and interests differ within the organizationResources are limited“Facts” are open to interpretation – biasesSituations are ambiguousoPolitics – in the eye of the beholder, open to personal perceptions, how you use influencePolitical Label: Blaming others – Effective Management Label: Fixing responsibilityPolitical Label: Kissing up -- Effective Management Label: developing relationshipsoCause of Political BehaviorEvidence strong suggests that organizational factors promote politics