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12.A patient with mitral valve prolapse is admitted for a scheduled bronchoscopy to investigate recent hemoptysis. The physician has ordered gentamicin to be taken before the procedure. What is the rationale for this?A)To prevent bacterial endocarditisB)To prevent hospital-acquired pneumoniaC)To minimize the need for antibiotic use during the procedureD)To decrease the need for surgical asepsisAns:AFeedback:Antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended for high-risk patients immediately before and sometimes after the following invasive procedures, such as bronchoscopy. Gentamicin would not be given to prevent pneumonia, to avoid antibiotic use during the procedure, or to decrease the need for surgical asepsis.13.The nurse is admitting a patient with complaints of dyspnea on exertion and fatigue. The patient’s ECG shows dysrhythmias that are sometimes associated with left ventricular hypertrophy. What diagnostic tool would be most helpful in diagnosing cardiomyopathy?
14.The nurse is preparing a patient for cardiac surgery. During the procedure, the patient’s heart will be removed and a donor heart implanted at the vena cava and pulmonary veins.What procedure will this patient undergo?