2. Leads to better plan texts: prevents affs from reading plan texts that have negative implications based on the rhetoric or implementation of the plan. 3. Every counter-plan is a PIC: they must include all or part of the plan. 4. Not a voter, reject the argument, not the team
AT: Perms The permutation severs- the counter plan is a PIC – that means that to permute the CP, the aff has to exclude part of the plan text- that’s a voter for fairness and education the aff will be able to spike out of any part of the plan text, making it impossible for the negative to argue against. 2NC Case
Inherency 2NC Extend 1NC #1 – the advantage is non-inherent – Cuba is a global leader in the health care industry; since 2010, the embargo had no effect on the Cuban people. Cross apply this to the humanitarianism flow – The card postdates – in a decade A LOT if the Cuban embargo has changed – the status quo solves all of the humanitarian aid advantage – that’s Garrett 10
Humanitarianism 2NC First is framing – Extend 1NC#1 --- When we focus solely on the moral effects of our actions we suffer political inaction – this turns the case – when we all die from the political inaction called for by the aff, there will be no more room for moral obligation because we will all be dead – that’s Isaac 2 Extend 1NC #2 --- nuclear extinction – not only ill we die, future generations will too – prefer the threat of 100 percent of the population to 10 percent. – that’s Snadberg 8 Extend 1NC #3 --- other relations – the EU is trading with Cuba; they have direct access to medical innovations from countries like England This also solves the water impact – with proliferation of water infrastructure technology, Cuba’s water isn’t a problem – that’s Tzivelis 6 Extend 1NC #4 – no water solvency - the problem is with Cuban water infrastructure, not just scarcity – the filtration techniques used are ineffective; only new infrastructure can fix the problem – that’s Cueto and Leon 10 Extend 1NC #5 --- water scarcity means cooperation – people will see water shortages as a common enemy and cooperate to find a solution This takes out the water scenario because they can’t access any human rights impacts – nations will cooperate – that’s Wolf 99
Imperialism 2NC Extend 1NC #1 – trade is guaranteed – two warrants a. Lifting the embargo will enable Cuba to have access to industries the previously had no access to incentivizing trade b. Fear – the US is likely to increase sanctions again if cuba doesn’t agree to trade – this incentivizes trade too That’s Perez 10 Extend 1NC #2 --- Trade is bad – the neoliberal globalization advocated by the aff destroys global economic justice – the US is very self-interested, thus enabling it to encroach on the liberties of the imperialist dominated global South – this snowballs into massive structural violence; prefer the status quo because it avoids the negative effects of trade – that’s Makwana ‘6.
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- Fall '16
- jane smith
- United States embargo against Cuba