39. A true statement when studying gender differences in transformational leadership is that women engage in more contingent reward than men.40. In middle management positions where communal interpersonal skills are highly valued women were seen as more effective than men.
41. Applying role congruity theory A true statement about women in leadership roles whenapplying role congruity theory is their stereotypical communal leadership results in prejudiceagainst female leaders.42. Many of the difficulties women face in navigating the labyrinth stem fromthe incongruity in gender roles and the leadership role.43. A strength of studying the research on gender and leadership is that contemporary notions of effective leadership styles is now more androgynous.Chap. 1644. Culture as defined in the text as learned beliefs, values, symbols, and norms that are commonto a group of people.45. Ethnocentrism an obstacle to effective leadership because it prevents people from fully respecting the viewpoints of others.46. Uncertainty avoidance is a cultural dimension that is defined as the extent to which a society, organization, or group relies on established social norms, rituals, and procedures to make things more predictable and less unclear.47. In my organization, women and men share power and influence equally. Gender egalitarianism is an example of an organization using a high degree of this dimension of culture.48. The dimension of culture that is concerned with how much a society or organization emphasizes sensitivity to others, social support, and community values is humane orientation. 49. The questionnaires used in the GLOBE studies were analyzed to determine whether the groupings of cultures were in fact valid. They found that the clusters represented are valid and reliable in differentiating cultures of the world.50. The six global leadership behaviors in the GLOBE studies helped the researchers identify theleadership behavior profiles of the 10 country clusters.
- Summer '19