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and what things we should never do. Ethical conduct is defined by doing one’s duties and doing the right thing, and the goal is performing the correct action. This framework has the advantage of creating a system of rules that has consistent expectations of all people; if an action is ethically correct or duty is required, it would apply to every person in any given situation. The even-handedness encourages treating everyone with equal dignity and respect. Many ethical situations are uncomfortable because we can never have all of the information. Even so, we mustoften take action. In taking action, we must ask ourselves, “what could be the results of my decision?” “What are the intended and unintended consequences?” Making an ethical decision
ETHICAL PRINCIPLES &DECISIONS 4requires sensitivity to ethical implications of problems and situations. It also requires practice. Having framework for ethical decision making is essential. Finally, many people use the terms morality and ethics interchangeably. Others reserve morality for the state of virtue while seeing ethics as a code that enables principles. We are skillful at making ethical judgements “without thinking”, nevertheless, it is not always advisable to follow our immediate instincts, especially inparticularly complicated or unfamiliar situations. ReferencesBrown University, Shiela Bonde, Paul Firenze, James Green, Margot Grinberg, Josephone Korijn, Emily Levoy, Alysha Naik, Laura Ucik and Liza Weisberg. (May 2013)Understanding Ethical Frameworks for E-Learning Decision Making, (December 2008 Distance Education Report)