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Ans how different countries approach their

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Ans:How different countries approach their discrimination problemsdepends on the nature of those problems and the society. Pearn (1989)compared the situation in the United Kingdom and the United States interms of laws and practices. Although the two countries have similarlaws, Britain is far more lax in enforcement. This is in part becauseblacks make up a smaller percentage of the British population (only5%) and in part because of differences in the legal systems of the twocountries (Pearn, 1989). In 1995 the United Kingdom instituted theDisability Discrimination Act, which is much like the ADA in the UnitedStates. As in the United States, there is resistance by employers,especially those who have negative attitudes about the disabled andlittle knowledge of what the law actually requires (Jackson, Furnham,
&Willen, 2000). South Africa began legal reforms in the 1970s,motivated in large part by labor shortages among the minority whitepopulation (Barling, Fullagar, & Bluen, 1986). In recent years, politicalaction by the black majority has resulted in rigorous affirmative actionrules throughout the society. Canada is much like the United States interms of laws and vigor of enforcement. Although details may bedifferent, organizations need to follow the same practices to avoidlegal problems in Canada as they would in the United States. Ireland isa more homogeneous society than Canada or the United States, havingfewer minority groups of sufficient size to push for legal protection. InIreland discrimination is illegal on the basis of gender or marital status,but the law is silent about blacks or other minority groups (Federationof Irish Employers, 1991)Feedback: See page 168
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