In the allegory of the cave plato draws attention to

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with aggression those who seek to give them new knowledge. In the allegory of the cave, Plato draws attention to the fact that the human mass is excessively stubborn and stupid in order to manage itself. It can be interpreted quite differently, and it is also important that this metaphor has a connection with the theory of forms, which Plato described in his other writings. According to her, all the objects that we see are similar to the shadows on the walls of the cave, they are just reflections of perfect forms that exist only in an ideal world inaccessible to our understanding. us reality, the emergence of knowledge, knowledge problems ... 26. Explain the difference between a deductive argument and an inductive argument. Inductive reasoning is based on the construction of a statement from facts to conclusion. Concrete facts are cited, and in conclusion, he makes a general conclusion from them.
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For example, several facts of freedom of the press are given. Then the question is posed: “Who pinches? .. Apparently, there are forces interested in this. Who are they? ”And here the speaker sets out his understanding of the problem and makes a conclusion. Deductive reasoning is built from a common premise to the facts. For example: “A lot of old people, pensioners, elderly people need help now. Who will help them? ... They can contribute ... Should help ... Special services need to be created. ” It is noticed that this kind of argumentation will have a greater effect compared to others in a critical audience: if the speaker immediately declares that he is preaching or defending, then this reduces the level of critical perception of the audience. 27. What is an argument to the best explanation of philosophy? In logic and philosophy, an argument is a series of statements (in a natural language), called the premises or premisses (both spellings are acceptable), intended to determine the degree of truth of another statement, the conclusion.[1]
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