7 in your opinion what will be the future trends in

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7. In your opinion what will be the future trends in the fur industry ? In the coming years the fur industry will be declining its production capacity. There are two main reasons for that: global warming which is very highly seen in the recent years invention and increasing production of the warmth-producing materials (not faux fur) which still perfectly serve the function to provide heat and are a compatible substitute to the real fur. The data obtained from Mr. Mullayanov takes our research into deeper under- standing of the fur industry s consumption patterns. The next sections will help readers understand different facets of production. 6 Production Cycle in the Fur and Leather Industry 6.1 How Fur Is Produced? Some of the techniques used by furriers and manufacturers to lighten the garment are shearing, plucking, knitting, leathering and weaving. The most important centres for fur manufacturing include Canada, the Chinese mainland, Greece, Hong Kong and Russia, Germany, Italy, Korea, Japan, Spain, Turkey, Ukraine and the US. To Fur or not to Fur: Sustainable Production and Consumption 47
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6.1.1 Steps in Production of Fur (1) Killing/Slaughtering of animal In the EU, Council Directive 98/58 sets down rules covering the welfare of all farmed animals, including fur farmed animals, while Regulation (EC) No. 1099/2009 deals with the slaughter and killing of farmed animals including fur animals (HKTDC 2016 ). Electrocution and gas inhalation method are a commonly used method for killing fur animals. Carbon monoxide is recommended usually but sometimes it can be slow to induce effects of unconsciousness in minks. The time taken to induce unconscious- ness in minks is 64 s for CO ( 7 %) and 76 s for 100 % N 2, as opposed to 19 s for 100 % CO 2 and 26 s for 70 % (Hansen et al. 1991 ). Other methods include injections of chloral hydrate solution and breaking the neck. (2) Skinning After the animal is slaughtered the skinning takes place and pelts are prepared for auction. Skinning can be an automated process. After skinning the pelts are fl eshed and placed inside out on a board for stretching and drying which takes about 3 4 days (Bijleveld et al. 2011 ). (3) Auction houses Majority of fur farms are found in Denmark, China, Netherlands, Baltic States and the USA. Commonly, raw skins produced by fur farmers and trappers are sold through modern international auction houses, often located close to producing areas (International Fur Federation 2016 ). The world s largest fur auction houses are in Copenhagen, Helsinki, St. Petersburg, Seattle and Toronto. Trade fairs like International Fur and Leather Exhibition (MIFUR) in Milan and HKIFFF in Hong Kong have been very successful recently for the splurge in the fur industry. Kopenhagen fur which constitutes 60 % of the global market share (Orange 2014 ) sold mink skins for up to $2.4 billion in 2013.
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