Statements made before or after conspiracy are not

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Statements made BEFORE or AFTER conspiracy are not within exception and are  not allowed.   i. Statements made after arrest do not further conspiracy so are not allowed. IV.HEARSAY EXCEPTIONS: AVAILABILITY OF DECLARANT IMMATERIAL  (p. 259) A. PRESENT SENSE IMPRESSION  - Rule 803(1) 1. Statement describing or explaining an event or condition made while declarant was  perceiving (hearing or seeing) the event or condition or immediately thereafter is  allowable. a. Immediacy is the key - declarant is describing what he sees as he sees it.    b. No time to lie or forget. 2. Nuttal v. Reading Co.  (p.259) If RR forced P's husband to go to work sick, RR is liable.  P heard husband characterize  statements of RR at very moment he heard RR talking on the phone.  These statements  about what RR said were made contemporaneously as he heard RR, so little chance of  forgetting.  Statements described as pressure from RR to work, so RR is liable. 3. Statement allowed even if declarant is available.  Don't have to corroborate story of  present sense impressions. B. EXCITED UTTERANCE  - Rule 803(2) 1. Statement relating to a startling event or condition made while the declarant was under  the stress of excitement caused by the event or condition.   a. Excitement is key - declarant sees startling event and speaks in reaction. b. No time to lie or forget.  Statement was spontaneous, excited or impulsive rather  than product of reflection and deliberation. Factors to consider by JUDGE before allowing statement under this exception c. Time bet. startling event and statement d. Age of declarant 16
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e. Physical and mental condition of declarant at time of statement f. Characteristics of event g. Subject matter of statements h. Whether declarant volunteers statement or is prompted by leading questions. Iron Shell  - If other conditions are met, declarant may still be excited despite passage of time.  2. U.S. v. Iron Shell (I)  (p. 264) Police officer's testimony about molested child's description of D is allowed b/c child  giving description while excited from being molested.  Age of declarant and nature of  startling event made child's statement an excited utterance even though time passed. 3. If in pain, which causes stress, and make statement, considered excited utterance.  Prob.  4-I, p. 270.  Still excited here b/c came straight home and said just lifted heavy cans a  few minutes ago. 4. PROBLEM - Excitement could be cause for declarant misperceiving events.
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