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Criminology Lecture Notes2

Conducted by regular people as discussed last class

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conducted by regular people (as discussed last class) – there aren’t enough police to watch everything – must be the guardian of your own property . People were more often absent to guard their own property . Single person houses are more likely to undergo a burglary – if more people are in the house, then there are more people to guard that property . In 1960s there was an increase in the number of homes left unattended during the day . Women went out to work – no longer home to serve as capable guardians of property – making those homes more suitable as crime targets . Guardianship of property is ordinary people being available to guard their stuff – when they are absent, then targets become more and more available . The Convergent City – more concentrated masses of people – more pick-pockets, etc. – but there were a lot more guardians as there are more people . Now, cities are known as the Divergent Metropolis – Suburban areas – houses are super far away from each other which means that there are less guardians
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to watch over the house, thus making those homes all the more likely to be crime targets – more cars available, more people are scared to go out into the dark – Divergent Metropolis is far less safe Discussion 3/1/2012 . General strain theory . “Goal blockage” . Concentric zones – ecological theory . Instability in the inner-city zones = problematic (people constantly moving in and out creating disorganization and instability) . Integrated systemic ecology – emphasis on social capital (social networks – if someone had a high level of social capital, they would have more opportunities) . Culture of poverty . Poor people are poor because they don’t value things that more delinquent people value – they’re poor because it’s they’re fault – don’t share our values Discussion 3/15/2012 . Exam . Feb. 13, 15, 20, 22, 27, 29 . Review . Cohen is a strain theorist and culture theorist . Cloward and is the same .
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