Castro felt that they were paralyzed by fear of social revolution…they would back down in the face of revolution, even though they didn’t like imperialism o Cuban people The only force capable of carrying forward the revolutionary process in a consistent way “People” means the unredeemed masses… ← 4. Armed road only after institutional means are exhausted War was a last resort? Marti: he who starts a war that can be avoided is a criminal, and so is he who fails to start a war that is inevitable Fraudulent elections in ’54 made Batista a ‘constitutional’ pres Upon leaving Moncada Castro called for immediate general elections to show that Cuba’s problems couldn’t be solved peacefully, since he knew Batista would refuse… the censorship prevented Castro from using speech, even, so then he prepared for war Harnecker uses the fact that Castro gave Batista an ultimatum and therby alerted the enemy to imminent invasion to prove that Castro really did want to try all peaceful means first…hmm o Seriously sounds like Castro could do no wrong in this guy’s eyes! Revolutionary Directorate : Castro was more hesitant to take to arms than they were. RD also based in Havana while Castro chose the Oriente, away from Batista ← 5. Propaganda: the key link during prison and exile Castro believed that the masses were not conscious of the exploitation from which they suffered—they just thought that the gov’t corruption was the problem, not the governmental system Wanted the revolution to politically educate the masses Getting the word out when in exile after Moncada: o Defense speech—had those who were released before him distribute copies o Assigned priority to speech, not violence, in order to win the trust of the people o Also wanted to get people mobilized on calling for amnesty for Moncada prisoners…worked! o This mvmt united the PSP and the Moncada rebels and the Directorate…in ’55 the prisoners were released Castro had to go into exile Kept working on the propaganda…manifestos to the Cuban people—he wanted a continuous stream of it, to transform enthusiastic citizens into militant supporters Of course the best propaganda was the victory of the revolution itself o Pitted exploited against exploiters o Emphasized class consciousness o Exploited found their own ideology o The people learned to recognize internal and external class enemies and external and internal allies (ex, aid from Soviet Union) ← 6. Stages in the formation of the anti-Batista bloc Castro felt that to lead a revolution you had to prove yourself honest and committed So he didn’t condone making a pact with the Autenticos He felt that the rebels were a symbol, and idea—and principles must be upheld July 26 mvmt not unified by Marxist-Leninist ideology, but ‘the fight against Batista in a new, armed form’ –Harnecker’s words o Castro felt that all the combatants had to be united o
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