Operation Vittles – 1948 - name given to the air re-supply effort. For 321 days Berlin is re-supplied through the air through Operation VittlesAirlift pilots could sly up to 3 missions a day, and the operation was working thanks to a uncharacteristicly mild winter.The Soviets had failed to drive the British, French, and Americans out of BerlinMay 12 1949 – Stalin called it quits.Der Mauer – 1961 – (the Berlin Wall) is constructed. Remains until 1989.At first families waved to eachother across the wall, but later the communist police made sure that they did not. It was forbidden to communicate.After people started escaping, the wall was extended, cutting access to West Berlin and sealed every window. Strung barbed wire on the roof, laid minefields in the countryside, increased patrols, and used dogs.They watched, and found the weakspots of the guards. Entire families still managed to escape, women and babies. 100s of people will die trying to escape. 26 June 1963 – JFK gives momentous address at Berlin WallTotally put down communism by using Berling as an example….”..let them come to Berlin!”Had just delt with Cuba and the Missile CrisisCUBA US’s playground had now become communist.
Berlin & Cuba12:25With the communist revolution came a close relationship between Cuba and the USSR.October 1962 – US spyplanes take a photograph with medium range ballistic missiles armed with nuclear warheads located in Cuba.October 1962 – The Cuban Missile CrisisThe closest we ever came to have a nuclear war on purpose. Nakita Krushchev – Ability of Cuba to launch a pre-emptive first strike in which we could only have 5 minutes warning of the attack.“Policy of US to take any missile launched in the Western Hemisphere as a attack by the Soviet Union and full repercussions will take place.I.C.B.M.s – Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles – v-2 had range of 500 miles, After Nazi scientists go to both Soviets (SS-2) and US (ATLAST) and later the Polaris (submarines). By the early 1970s the US has upgraded to Minuteman and Minuteman II missiles which use solid fuel instead of liquid fuel. The solid fuel can sit inside the rocket for years and years and still launch. Had underground missile silos and control centers. Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) – any nuclear war will result not in victory, but in the complete annihilation of the planet.The Day After – 1983 – set in Kansas City, a film about the day after a nuclear attack.
The Space Race12:25kicks off in 1957Sputnik (October 1957)Soviets launch first satellite, beating the Americans, who planned to launch in January 1958Causes panic in the West