findings. In qualitative methods, however, the researcher may adapt the data collection or analysis strategies during the study.DIF:Cognitive Level: AnalysisREF:Page 5172.What is the general rule about collecting demographic data during an interview?a.The mood of the qualitative interview, so crucial to quality data capture, may be intruded upon by demographic data collection.b.In quantitative interviews, everything excerpted from medical records must again be verified in face interviews.c.In qualitative interviews, routinely asking twenty or thirty demographic questions sets the stage for actual data collection.d.If data can be obtained in other ways, leave the valuable interview time for actual interviewing.ANS:DThe researcher should consider the importance of each piece of datum and the subject’s time required to collect it. If the data can be obtained from patient records or any other written sources, the researcher does not need to ask the subject to provide this information. To collect data from a patient’s records, the researcher must make sure to include the intent to do so in the consent form and ensure that the institutional review board has authorized the team to do this. The qualitative researcher has the power to shape the interview agenda. Participants have the power to choose the level of responses they will provide. The researcher might begin the interview by asking a broad question such as “Describe for me your experience with...” or “Tell me about....” Ideally, the participant will respond as though she or he is telling a story. The researcher responds nonverbally with a nod or eye contact to convey interest in what is being said, and tries to avoid agreeing or disagreeing with what the participant is saying. The less theresearcher says, the better.DIF:Cognitive Level: ComprehensionREF:Page 5173.A researcher is collecting data in a hospital during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The researcher has devised a data collection form that contains five columns for data entry. During the first three data collection periods, the form works reasonablywell, although the researcher has to turn the page over and write on the back. During the fourth, however, the CPR incident
occurs in the emergency department and includes many procedures and interventions, and the researcher ends up taking a blank piece of paper and recording data on that. Later, it takes him 40 minutes to unscramble and collate the data and record it properly. What must be done now?
- Fall '16
- Denise Cauble
- Nursing, researcher, Cognitive Level