Environmental concerns in the 1970s during the 1970s

This preview shows page 24 - 26 out of 28 pages.

We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Business Law: Text and Cases
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 24 / Exercise 07
Business Law: Text and Cases
Clarkson/Miller
Expert Verified
Environmental Concerns in the 1970s During the 1970s, the administrations of Richard Nixon and Jimmy Carter confronted such environmental issues as conservation, pollution, and the growth of nuclear energy. THE FIRST EARTH DAY The United States ushered in the 1970s—a decade in which it would actively address its environmental issues—fittingly enough with the first Earth Day celebration. On that day, April 22, 1970, nearly every community A. Answer It heightened Americans’ awareness that many of their activities were potentially harmful to the environment. K E Y P L A Y E R K E Y P L A Y E R RACHEL CARSON 1907–1964 The marine biologist Rachel Carson was born far from the sea, in the small town of Springdale, Pennsylvania. Carson was a sickly child who often had to remain at home, where her mother tutored her. Throughout her youth and into her college years, Carson was a stu- dious, but quiet and aloof, person. Carson entered college intent on becoming a writer. During her sophomore year, she took a biol- ogy class to fulfill her science requirement and quickly fell in love with the study of nature. By the next year Carson switched her major from English to zoology— the study of animals. A flag celebrating the first Earth Day in 1970. MAIN IDEA MAIN IDEA A Analyzing Effects What effects did Rachel Carson’s book have on the nation as a whole? p1026-1031aspe-0932s4 10/17/02 9:27 AM Page 1027
We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Business Law: Text and Cases
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 24 / Exercise 07
Business Law: Text and Cases
Clarkson/Miller
Expert Verified
in the nation and more than 10,000 schools and 2,000 colleges hosted some type of environmental-awareness activity and spotlighted such problems as pollution, the growth of toxic waste, and the earth’s dwindling resources. The Earth Day cel- ebration continues today. Each year on April 22, millions of people around the world gather to heighten public awareness of environmental problems. THE GOVERNMENT TAKES ACTION Although President Nixon was not con- sidered an environmentalist, or someone who takes an active role in the pro- tection of the environment, he recognized the nation’s growing concern about the environment. In an effort to “make our peace with nature,” President Nixon set out on a course that led to the passage of several landmark measures. In 1970, he consolidated 15 existing federal pollution programs into the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The new agency was given the power to set and enforce pollution standards, to conduct environmental research, and to assist state and local governments in pollution control. Today, the EPA remains the fed- eral government’s main instrument for dealing with environmental issues. In 1970 Nixon signed a new Clean Air Act that added several amendments to the Clean Air Act of 1963. The new act gave the government the authority to set air standards. Following the 1970 Clean Air Act, Congress also passed the Endangered Species Act, in addition to laws that limited pesticide use and curbed strip mining—the practice of mining for ore and coal by digging gaping holes in the land. Some 35 environmental laws took effect during the decade, addressing

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture