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Republic, the person implicitly renounces his foreign citizenship. Plainly, Sec. 3 stays clear out of the problem of dual allegiance and shifts the burden of confronting the issue of whether or not there is dual allegiance to the concerned foreign country. What happens to the other citizenship was not made a concern ofRA 9225.7.Attack on one’s citizenship may be made onlythrough a direct, not a collateral proceedingCo v. HRET, 199 SCRA 692Facts:The HRET declared that respondent Jose Ong, Jr. is a naturalborn Filipino citizen and a resident of Laoang, NorthernSamar for voting purposes. The congressional election forthe second district of NorthernSamar was held. Among thecandidates who vied for the position of representative in thesecond legislativedistrict are the petitioners, Sixto Balinquitand Antonio Co and the private respondent, Jose Ong, Jr.RespondentOng was proclaimed the duly electedrepresentative of the second district of Northern Samar. Thepetitioners filed election protests on the grounds that JoseOng, Jr. is not a natural born citizen of thePhilippines and nota resident of the second district of Northern Samar.Issue: Whether or not Jose Ong, Jr. is a citizen of the Philippines.Whether the decision of HRET is appealable;Held:Yes. In the year 1895, the private respondent’sgrandfather, Ong Te, arrived in the Philippines from Chinaand established his residence in the municipality of Laoang,Samar. The father of the private respondent, Jose OngChuan was born in China in 1905 but was brought by Ong Teto Samar in the year 1915, he filed withthe court anapplication for naturalization and was declared a Filipinocitizen.In 1984, the private respondent married a Filipinanamed Desiree Lim. For the elections of 1984 and1986, JoseConstitutional Law 1 based on the syllabus of Atty. Remoroza2018-201984
Merzy’s Notes Prelim Exam Ong, Jr. registered himself as a voter of Laoang, Samar, andvoted there during those elections.Under the 1973Constitution, those born of Filipino fathers and those born ofFilipino mothers with analien father were placed on equalfooting. They were both considered as natural born citizens.Besides, privaterespondent did more than merely exercisehis right of suffrage. He has established his life here in thePhilippines.On the issue of residence, it is not required that aperson should have a house in order to establishhisresidence and domicile. It is enough that he should live inthe municipality or in a rented house or in that of afriend orrelative. To require him to own property in order to beeligible to run for Congress would be tantamountto aproperty qualification. The Constitution only requires thatthe candidate meet the age, citizenship, voting andresidence requirements..Yes. The Constitution explicitly provides that the House ofRepresentatives Electoral Tribunal (HRET) and the SenateElectoral Tribunal (SET) shall be the sole judges of allcontests relating to the election, returns, and qualificationsof their respective members. In the case at bar, the Court