To begin with the amount of money available for

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To begin with, the amount of money available for emergency management is usually small. So mitigation activities are competing with other programs in the budget for their fair share. Focusing on mitigation means less money available for preparedness, response, and recovery. For this reason, mitigation is often the phase of emergency management for which most communities do not have adequate resources and programs. Mitigation, however, is one phase of emergency management where creative planning and financing can be a great help. This will often permit a jurisdiction to finance certain emergency management programs themselves with only a small additional burden on the citizens. The Emergency Manager 3-15
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Unit Three: Mitigation Mitigation activities promoted by FEMA in the 1990s used creative financing . Corporations teamed with communities to implement local mitigation measures. The following table illustrates the types of projects done. Saco, Maine Drafted an “All Hazard Mitigation Plan” with short- and long-term risk reduction activities identified Prepared a Standard Specification manual for all new and existing developers Changed the storm design level from a 25-year to a 50-year level Charleston County, South Carolina Created various brochures on mitigation, including Boat Protection for a Hurricane, Generator Safety, Hazard-Resistant Landscaping, and Hazard “Tips for Tourists” Elevated flood-prone properties Developed mobile demonstration models for hazard-resistant construction techniques Sparks, Nevada Partnered with IBM Global Services to conduct a business-by-business review of risks and hazards and provided each of the 40 business participants with an itemized list of recommended actions to avoid or reduce damage from potential hazards Worked with Supply One, which instituted a Tool Lending Library with classes to teach homeowners and businesses how to install mitigation measures such as foundation bolts, roof tie downs, and water heater straps Culebra, Puerto Rico Partnered with the Boy Scouts, who performed an intensive door-to-door mitigation-oriented public awareness campaign Worked with the College of Engineers and Surveyors, who performed a structural evaluation and assessment of several key buildings and structures Money should not be the determining factor for your mitigation efforts . As shown above, there are many alternatives to expensive programs. Remember, the goal of mitigation is to avoid hazardous circumstances. If you can avoid them in the first place, you will need far less money for remedial efforts later on. The old adage “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” fits well here. Let’s look at some alternatives. 3-16 The Emergency Manager
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Unit Three: Mitigation Mitigation Alternatives While some mitigation alternatives require money from partnerships or your own community, most substitute awareness, foresight, and creative efforts. Several of the ones that follow may give you ideas on how you can sell your community on mitigation.
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