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Nasica hateT. Sempronius Gracchus even thought they are cousins(he lost a lot of land when the land law pass: the lands are used by Senator)Nasica jumped on the stage and said: “T. Sempronius is going to lost Rome, who is going to save Rome with me” oHe and other Senators march out of the Senate house and stop in the forum, in the forum were armed followers of the Senator (meaning they planed ahead of time)oThey march up and club T. SemproniusGracchus to death(not Constitutional) oFirst time the Rome city officials is assassinated, but now it’s going to happen quite often now, that’s **Why T. SemproniusGracchus is so importantT. Gracchus demonstrate the power of tributeUnprecedented meanto gain his endMost important, Senator, the most important people in the Stateresult to murder, because they are afraid their power is running awayNo one involve in the murder were accuse illegal, because Senate control the court; they said T. SemproniusGracchus is a tyrant.. blahThe beginning of Roman Evolution[C. Marius]oElected consul, but he is not noblea novas homo, a new mangiven a good war to fight in Africa, he is excited to be a new consul; but there is one problem, Marius cannotfind enough soldierfor his armyoMarius does something evolutionaryHe announced he will take any citizenvolunteerto his army If the citizen volunteercannot affordhis own stuff, the State will providefor him“breaks century of Polis”: State does not provide armorQuickly Marius get together a huge armyof poor citizen volunteeroMarius goes up to the North Africa, he WONa great victory thereSenator assumed poor guy are not as patrioticoFight North for the German tribesRoman are terrified with these German barbariansBut Marius defeat/winthese tribes tooo[100 B.C.] Marius army returned to RomeMarius wants to rewardhis men, he goes to the Senate“My man had fought well for Rome, why not give them land?” (retirement packagefor the soldiers and their family)If Senate agree, it might be end of revolution; but Senate says NOMarius had learned from the book of T. Gracchus, Marius goes to the one of the tribune 100 B.C.Marius had the tribune propose the idea to the people in the tribal assembly, and with 50 thousands soldiers crowding in the vote, no surprise the law passesMarius men get their land
Why didn’t the Senate kill Marius?Got 50 thousands soldiers, they couldn’t Marius created the toolthat will bring down the Roman empire, because from this point on, this is how Roman soldiers are recruit now(volunteers); these soldiers will now be more royal to their generals than to the StateCause the Senate do nothing for the avg people; they kill people to help the poor Now some of those Senator will have large, royal army; they will use those army against the StateSpartacus: famous leader of the slaves in third servile war, a major slave uprising against Roman Republic[1ST