PTS 1 DIF Moderate KEY Client Need Safe and E ff ective Care EnvironmentSafety

Pts 1 dif moderate key client need safe and e ff

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ow limitation, or alcohol abuse are only at risk if their immune function is compromised.27. ANS: AIsoniazid and rifampin are antibiotics effective against TB. B. C. D. These medications may be used for respira-tory disorders, but they are not specific to TB.28. ANS: BThe patient should be in respiratory isolation, so a mask over the nose and mouth is essential. A. Gown andgloves are not necessary. C. D. Ideally, traveling outside the room should be kept to a minimum, but not all x-rays can be done at the bedside. PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate KEY: Client Need: Safe and E ff ective Care Environment—Safety and Infection Control | Cognitive Level: Application PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate KEY: Client Need: Physiological Integrity—Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies | Cognitive Level: Analysis
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PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate KEY: Client Need: Physiological Integrity—Reduction of Risk Potential | Cognitive Level: Application 29. ANS: DDrugs for TB must be taken for 6 months, or up to 2 years for multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). A. B. C. Themedications must be taken longer than 10 days to 2 weeks however do not need to be taken for the rest of thepatient’s life.30. ANS: DUnfinished antibiotic prescriptions allow stronger bacteria to survive and become resistant. A. C. Antibiotics donot directly prevent hemoptysis or pain. B. Superinfection can occur even if all the drugs are taken asprescribed.31. ANS: BClots in the legs can mobilize and move to the lungs. D. COPD is not associated with blood clots. A. Smokingcauses many lung disorders but does not directly cause PE. C. History of radiation therapy is not a risk factorfor PE.32. ANS: BBe alert to the presence of risk factors, and obtain immediate assistance if the cause of dyspnea might be PE.Death can occur if treatment is not quick and effective. D. Left lateral position will not help. A. Leaving the pa-tient to call the physician is not appropriate—someone else can contact the physician. C. Checking vital signs isimportant but is not more important than oxygen.33. ANS: AIf a thrombolytic agent is not used, treatment is aimed at preventing extension of the clot and the formation of PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate KEY: Client Need: Physiological Integrity—Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies | Cognitive Level: Evaluation PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate KEY: Client Need: Safe and E ff ective Care Environment—Safety and Infection Control | Cognitive Level: Application PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate KEY: Client Need: Physiological Integrity—Reduction of Risk Potential | Cognitive Level: Analysis PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate KEY: Client Need: Physiological Integrity—Physiological Adaptation | Cognitive Level: Application
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additional clots. Heparin will prevent clot extension. C. Theophylline is a bronchodilator. D. Corticosteroids areanti-inammatory. B. An expectorant will help raise secretions.34. ANS: DAbsence of tidaling and bilateral breath sounds are signs that the lung is reinated and the chest tube can besafely removed. A. Drainage will generally have stopped at this time also, but it is not the primary determinantfor removal. B. C. Coughing and deep breathing and clear lung sounds are not signs that the lung is rein PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate KEY: Client Need: Physiological Integrity—Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies | Cognitive Level: Application
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