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One disadvantage of the matrix is that some employees experience dual authority, which is frustrating and confusing. They need excellent interpersonal and conflict – resolution skills, which may require special training in human relations. The matrix also forces managers to spend a great deal of time in meetings. If managers do not adapt to the information and power sharing required by the matrix, the system will not work. Managers must collaborate with one another rather than rely on vertical authority in decision making. The successful implementation of one matrix structure occurred at a steel company in Pittsburgh. This example illustrates the correct use of a matrix structure. The dual pressure to maintain economies of scale and to market four product lines give equal emphasis to the functional and product hierarchies. Through continuous meetings for coordination, worldwide steel achieved both economies of scale and flexibility. Strengths and Weakness of Matrix Organization Structure Strengths: 1.Achieves coordination necessary to meet dual demands from customers 2.Flexible sharing of human resources across products 3.Suited to complex decisions and frequent changes in unstable environment 4.Provides opportunity for both functional and product skill development 5.Best in medium sized organization with multiple products. Weaknesses:1.Causes participant to experience dual authority. Which can be frustrating and confusing 2.Means participants needs good interpersonal skills and extensive training 3.is time consuming involves frequent meetings and conflict resolution sessions 4.will not work unless participants understand it and adopt collegial rather than vertical type relationship 5.Require great effort to maintain power balance