Demand more of their friends o Change friends less often o Elementary and

Demand more of their friends o change friends less

This preview shows page 12 - 14 out of 14 pages.

Demand more of their friends o Change friends less often o Elementary and middle school Best new friend every week o Become more upset when a friendship ends o Find it harder to make new friends o Seek friends who share values and interest Bullying: o Repeated, systematic efforts to inflict harm through physical, verbal, or social attack on a weaker person Cyberbullying: o Inflicting harm to another through the internet or other forms of social media Can bullying be stopped? o Whole school bust be involved, not just the identified bullies o Intervention is more effective in the earlier grades Parenting Styles o Expressions of warmth
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Very affectionate to cold and critical o Strategies for discipline Parents vary in how they explain, criticize, persuade, ignore, and punish o Communication Patiently and listen or demands silence o Expectations for maturity Parents vary in the standards they set for their children regarding responsibility and self-control Authoritarian (Wren; That 70’s Show) o High behavior standards o Strict punishment of misconduct o Little communication Less confident children/fearful; usually kids that grow up in dangerous environments have parents like these Authoritative (Bill Cosby) o Sets limits but listens o Flexible Permissive (Homer Simpson) o High nurturance and communication o Little discipline, guidance, or control of misconduct o “Let them be who they are” Rejected Neglecting o Indifference o Unaware of what happens in child’s life Criticisms of Baumrind’s Parenting Styles o Her original sample had little economic, ethnic, or cultural diversity o Focus on attitudes than interactions o Authoritarian parents are very loving toward children o Permissive parents guide their children intensely, but with words, not rules o Overlooked the child’s contribution to the parent-child relationship Resilience and Stress o Resilience: The capacity to adapt well despite significant adversity and to overcome serious stress (cope to extreme hardships) Is dynamic Person may be resilient at some periods but not at others Is a positive adaptation to stress If rejection by a parent leads a child to establish a closer relationship with another adult, that child is resilient
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Take a bad situation and make it to your advantage Adversity must be Significant: Resilient children overcome conditions that overwhelm many of their peers o Resilient children Children who rebound from serious early life traumas to construct successful adult lives. 2 Vocab words? Spanking Punishments o Bad. Child learns from actions o Award good behavior. Don’t punish bad. Children treatment o Child maltreatment Intentional harm to or avoidable endangerment of anyone under 18 years old o Child abuse Deliberate action that is harmful to a child’s physical, emotional, or sexual well-being o Child neglect Failure to meet a child’s basic physical, educational, or emotional, needs.
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