It is true that the fourteenth amendment does not

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Answer (A) is incorrect because it is incomplete. It is true that the Fourteenth Amendment does not  independently bar the condition. The condition requires states to prohibit all post-viability abortions,  except those needed to protect the life or health of the mother. Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505  U.S. 833 (1992), allows states to pass such abortion regulations. But, a conditional spending law  must still be rationally related to the purpose for which the federal funds have been regulated, and  answer (A) does not address that additional limit.  Answer (D) is incorrect because it is irrelevant to the Court's conditional spending test. Congress  may spend federal funds for any purpose that promotes the general welfare, and not only those  activities that fall within an enumerated power. Thus, constructing federal highways need not fall  within an enumerated federal power, such as the Commerce Clause, for the appropriation to be  constitutional. (Of course, constructing and maintaining interstate highways would be a valid  Commerce Clause measure aimed at a channel of interstate commerce.) As repair and maintenance of federal highways promotes the general welfare (enabling safer interstate travel), the appropriation  is constitutional. But, even if the appropriation is constitutional the condition on that appropriation is  not constitutional unless it is rationally related to the funds' purpose. Because that rational  relationship does not exist, Answer (C) is correct. The correct answer is: No, because the condition is not rationally related to the purpose for which  the federal funds have been allocated.
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