Temporal resolution Low Moderate High 1 bit 2 bit 16 bit Panchromatic

Temporal resolution low moderate high 1 bit 2 bit 16

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Temporal resolution Low Moderate High 1 bit 2 bit 16 bit Panchromatic Multispectral Hyperspectral Low Moderate High
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FRST 443: Remote Sensing for Ecosystem Management Digital Remote Sensing Systems 85 Spatial resolution Sensor Low GOES AVHRR MODIS Moderate Landsat MSS Landsat TM / ETM / OLI SPOT 1-5 SPOT 6/7 High Quickbird IKONOS
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FRST 443: Remote Sensing for Ecosystem Management Digital Remote Sensing Systems 86 Low spatial resolution GOES - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites Imager Main purpose Weather forecasting Sensor Multispectral Ground resolution 1 x 1 km visible 4 x 4 km thermal Coverage Globally hemispheric Orbital repeat Geosynchronous Mission length 1968 present (named by number and Hemisphere) Radiometric 10-bit Bands 1. 0.52 - 0.72 m (visible): clouds, haze, pollution 2. 3.78 4.03 m (TIR): fog, water-clouds-snow distinction, fire, night SST 3. 6.47 7.02 m (TIR): moisture; upper water vapor, atmospheric motion 4. 10.2 11.2 m (TIR): cloud-drift winds, severe storms, cloud heights, heavy rainfall 5. 11.5 12.5 m (TIR): lower water vapor, SST, volcanic ash and dust Jensen (2016)
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FRST 443: Remote Sensing for Ecosystem Management Digital Remote Sensing Systems 87 Low spatial resolution 10.3 11.3 m Thermal IR 0.52 0.72 m Visible - NIR GOES - Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites Imager
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FRST 443: Remote Sensing for Ecosystem Management Digital Remote Sensing Systems 88 Low spatial resolution AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Main purpose Weather forecasting, land monitoring Sensor Multispectral Ground resolution 1.1 1.1 km (local area coverage) 4 4 (global area coverage) Coverage Global (2,700 km swath) Orbital repeat Twice daily Mission length 1978 present Radiometric 16-bit Bands 1. 0.58 - 0.68 m (visible): daytime cloud, snow, ice, vegetation (NDVI) 2. 0.73 1.10 m (NIR): land-water interface, snow, ice, vegetation (NDVI) 3. 3.55 3.93 m (TIR): snow and ice, nighttime clouds, SST 4. 10.3 11.3 m (TIR): day/night cloud and surface temperature 5. 11.5 12.5 m (TIR): day/night cloud and surface temperature, water vapor Jensen (2016)
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FRST 443: Remote Sensing for Ecosystem Management Digital Remote Sensing Systems 89 Low spatial resolution AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Suspended sediment in Los Angeles coast Sea surface temperature Land surface temperature
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