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b.try to trace early forms of music to see how they have influenced later forms of music.Pech Merle- a French cave that has red dots on the ceiling and walls to note these special acoustic spots in the cave. a.These spots seem to note where sound would best echo basically a microphone.b.It may be that prehistoric people used their voices or other items in these spots to fill the cave with sound.Divje Babe flute - flutelike object that has been created from a bone of a cave bear.a.found in Slovenia b.appears to date to about 50,000 years ago. Ancient MusicMusicproduced by early literate societies. a.ancient music belongs to those societies that lived at or after 4000 BCE (when written language was developed) b.like written language music did not develop in the same rate or way in every placec.as prehistoric music evolved to ancient music, music became more standardized.d.featured deliberate patterns as well as the repetition of these patterns within a piece of music.EgyptAncient Egyptians, like many other societies at that time, believed that music was a gift to humans from the gods. a.Music was often played in the temples as part of religious life.b.Early Egyptian music used five- tone scalec.Lutes and string harps were played as early as 4000 BCE.d.Later developed lyres, clarinets, tambourines, trumpets, and guitars.
Music of the World Semester 1Name: Date: Instructor:e.Instruments like harps were made with hold and other richesMesopotamiaEvidence found of music scales and different musical instruments. Several excavations in different parts of Mesopotamia lend credence to the idea that the ancient world had a form of music notation or the ability to write a song or musical piece down so that it could be played again in the same wayHurrian songs -a set of fragmentary relics as well as a nearly complete example of notated music from around 1400 BCE. a.songs or hymns (the most complete example is identified as a hymn)b.written in cuneiform writing on clay tablets. IndiaArchaeologists have found evidence of both music and instruments. a.Excavations from the Indus Valley civilizations have produced both stringed instruments and seven-holedflutes. b.Samaveda: collection of hyms used in ancient time for religious ritualsc.Natya Shastrais a written discourse on the performing arts, including music, dance, stage performances and is believed to have been written sometime between 200 BCE and 200 CE. It gives detailed information on the types of instruments that were used at the time and the forms of music that were popular.Ancient GreeceJust as classical art has its foundations in ancient Greece, so too do the foundations of classical music rest in ancient Greece. a.Greeks believed that music came from the gods, particularly the god Apollo. b.They also believed that music could influence the thoughts and behaviors of humans.