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them as greedy and having bad attitudes about working. If this were to be institutional none of the African Americans applying for jobs would be able to get a job because the employer would be racist against them, but in this case African Americans are getting jobs but most of them expect too much and have bad attitudes towards the wages they would be earning.
In these articles the personal and institutional discriminations have great differences, the first articles was both institutional racism and sexism talking about in the workplace African Americans are blamed on themselves for being in poverty and women are treated to be the weaker sex (Loewen 2007, 322). If this was personal the individuals would be blamed for not taking the opportunities that they could have taken. Racism was also in the article by Kelley, the black man accidently shaved his head and was automatically discriminated in public because he looked scary (Kelley 1995, 385). Before he did that he was liked by everyone in society. This was institutional because society was racially profiling him, if this was personal than it would be the man’s fault to change his appearance to look different than the stereotype set about black males. Not only African Americans were racially stereotypes, but Asian Americans in universities were excelling further than the dominant group of whites. In some Universities limited the amount of Asian Americans into their schools, A student with top scares and impressive outside of school activities was rejected from a competitive program so he fought against UC Berkeley and ended up getting the acceptance rate of Asian Americans up (Leung 1987, 393). This was an institutional act of racism because the society was tired of Asian Americans excelling further and being the “model minority” (Leung 1987, 392-393). Georgetown University was sexist against women during their classes, women would be denied to be taught over men and men were focused on being taught better than women (Berman 1992, 396). This was institutionalized sexism because Georgetown was against women learning, the instructors also avoided teaching the right things about women. The last article regarded minimum wage jobs in Harlem and the African Americans had discrimination against them, but it was a personal problem because they were selfish about pay and had an attitude in the workplace (Newman and Lennon 1995, 349). Not all African Americans were discriminated because some wanted the job and had no complaints. The articles articulated around discrimination in a way thatexplains how personal and institutional discrimination operate in real life scenarios, that some people may not be able to experience by putting us into their own shoes.