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Goals: -Identify and change unconscious perceptions of partner and associated emotional reactions.-Promote ‘authentic’ connections unclouded by these perceptions.Object relations couples therapy-most prominent version of psychodynamic treatment for couples. Shares features with attachment theory. Internal representations are referred to as workingmodels in attachment theory.helps the couple to integrate unconscious and/or maladaptive emotions and expectations. Tell me about your childhood. If each spouse can get insight into each others histories, motivations and psych wounds, we can respond more genuinely.Insight-Oriented Couple Therapy??-Helps the couple integrate unconscious and/or maladaptive emotions and experience.-Emphasis- The role of unconscious forces in how partners perceive each other’s behaviors- Really couples have unconscious motives that stemmed from early childhood. Ex: As a dude I had a mother that pulled away. I’m not responding to you directly I’m responding to my own mum. As a girl you’re responding to your dad. Now you’re projecting your feelings from your dad onto your husband. Make it clear how you’re doing this so you can respond genuinely instead of your projections.oBehavioral models- (social learning theory)-Doesn’t believe in psychic wounds. Tell me what you’re doing now. Goal is to changewhat you’re doing bad. Has the couple talk to each other. -Goal: Change the behaviors and cognitions that give rise to them.Promote basic skills in communication.-social learning view holds that distress between partners arises because they are insufficiently rewarding toward each other, and because they engage in behaviors that serve to magnify, rather than contain or resolve, their differing goals and desires.-In contrast to psychodynamic and systems models, behavioral couples therapy does not view the behaviors exchanged by partners as a sign of some other hidden problem. Rather, it is the dysfunctional behaviors themselves that are the problem, and they are the primary target for therapeutic change. Thus, the task of the behaviorally oriented couples therapist is not to delve into the history and circumstances that led to the problem the couple nowfaces, because the assumption is that this information is not reliably known or readily retrieved. Instead, the therapist strives to (1) define the problem in the present in terms of the specific behaviors the partners find troubling or aversive, and (2) understand the rewards and punishments that maintain these behaviors andthus perpetuate the couple’s interpersonal difficulties
Traditional Behavioral Couples Therapy (TBCT)-known as behavior exchange, provides the practitioner with important diagnostic information regarding the extent to which partners can generate new, positive experiences in their relationship, and it conveys to the partners that improving their relationship can be enjoyable rather than painful. Once this foundation is established, treatment then turns