It is vital that all female patients be educated with respect to how UTIs are

It is vital that all female patients be educated with

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It is vital that all female patients be educated with respect to how UTIs are acquired. For the most part, UTIs are self-inoculated from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In other cases, UTIs may be a complication from a significant sexually transmitted disease.
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Page 21 of 2 NSG 6006 Pre-Specialty Evaluation ©2017 South University 21 Advanced Pathophysiology Week 4 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Sexually transmitted diseases are typically caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae(N. gonorrhoeae) or by bacterial pathogens called chlamydiae. Gonorrhea is caused by bacteria that grow in areas like the urethra, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and other parts of the reproductive organs that are warm and moist. In men, symptoms of gonorrhea include difficulty in urination, inflammation of testicles, and colored discharge from the penis. Gonorrhea can result in infertility in men if it is left untreated for long. In women this disease accounts for the development of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Renal infection resulting from gonorrhea can manifest itself through inflammation, bleeding, and pain in the bowel. Chlamydial infections affect the cervix and the urethra, leading to infected vaginal discharge and difficulty in urination. In pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) the infection is more severe. Patients typically present more acutely ill and often require hospitalization, especially during pregnancy. PID is frequently confused clinically with acute appendicitis, and it is important to make the differentiation. Most cases of vaginitis or vulvitis are not secondary to a sexually transmitted disease. Vaginitis is inflammation of the vagina because of infection. This infection is caused by introduction of pathogens in the vagina, and it results in changes in the constitution of vaginal flora. Vaginitis is of three types, namely bacterial vaginosis (BV), candida vaginitis, and trichomonas vaginitis. BV is actually an overgrowth of normal bacteria, typically found in the vagina vault. Candidiasis is a yeast infection that forms in some women, causing candida vaginitis. Inappropriate feminine hygiene, diabetes, and recent oral antibiotic use are all risk factors for the development of candidiasis. While candidiasis is not typically a sexually transmitted disease, the male partner may experience some pruritus and mild erythema of the penis following sexual activity.
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Page 22 of 2 NSG 6006 Pre-Specialty Evaluation ©2017 South University 22 Advanced Pathophysiology Week 4 Nervous System This lecture, we will be discussing one of the most complex systems in the human body, the nervous system. An understanding of the intricate anatomy and functions of this system will provide you with a good foundation for clinical practice in neuroscience nursing. We will examine select pathophysiological conditions of the nervous system and consider nursing care related to these neurological conditions.
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  • Fall '17
  • South University, Pre-Specialty Evaluation

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