MUSC 115 Study Guide for Midterm Exam.docx

Medieval music conveyed meaning through words in

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Medieval Music conveyed meaning through words In earliest times, the more florid the music, the more special the occasion Ex: on Christmas day, you would have a super florid chant Viderunt Omnes Dies Irae Music complemented text in rhythm, and polyphonic music with multiple texts commented on each other and usually had allegorical double-meaning Mauchaut’s 1-17 Quant florist la violete Juxtaposition of secular and sacred Renaissance Nuper Rosarum Flores - music conveyed numbers and physical meanings Josquin El grillo - conveyed double meaning of cricket and sodomy Imitation of textual meaning through the music Fair Phyllis & Il bianco el cigno They use rhythm and chromaticism and rapidity of music to complement text and convey meaning Baroque imitation of nature as well as conveying passionate emotion through music Monteverdi’s L’Orfeu Vivaldi’s Spring Concerto
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Handel - Hallelujah bagpipe and trumpets Q: What makes Baroque music different than the earlier styles of music we discussed so far? (Schulenberg reading) Distinct national styles New, more sharply distinct genres of composition various types of secular song for solo voice and instrumental accompaniment Distinct varieties of recitative and of aria that became part of cantata and opera Use of instruments - composers normally wrote specifically designated instrumental parts, and even vocal works usually contain a substantial instrumental component Less of an emphasis on text Composers developed idiomatic styles of composition suited to each of commonly used instruments Composers began to write out melodic decoration that previously had been left for performers to improvise instrumentation and ornamentation became basic elements of composition, that started to be played with precision However, instrumentation still exists Tonality - a freer use of dissonance shift from modality (major or minor, or really all of the different Gregorian modes) to tonality (key) New Performing Practices - professionalization of performance Church used to be the primary locale for performance, public performance halls and secular locations for music began to appear increasing emphasis on solo virtuosity, dynamics became notated, complex ornamentation became written down and standard practice for a virtuoso Q: Describe the development of polyphony from its origins through the contributions of the Notre Dame school composers and to the sixteenth century. Pre-Leonin Organum Accidentally or on purpose sang in parallel octaves and fifths because those are the naturally-occuring overtones in a Cathedrals Leonin Developed more robust organum, wrote a bunch of pieces that involved organum Notably involved Latin poetic meter and incorporated rhythm into his organum Organum sonorities, however, were still largely limited to fifths and octaves and fourths Perotin
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