- the points to take from the debate on internet censorship: whether the online debates contribute to democratic change or whether on the contrary, it shows that the CCP's censorship system is resilient to changes in international politics and global issues. There is always a fine line that defines the permissibility of freedom of expression and of information in China. - lots of Chinese users (even more than US ones) are using the internet - Great Firewall is not impenetrable and allows citizens some flexibility in discussion and politics Internet offers the potential to democratize. Zhao Yuezhi - Communication in China. Civil Rights, Legal Justice. Possibilities and Limits of Media and Internet Mobilization - household registration system; see the ID - Sun Zhigang's case; died at 27 years old in March 2003; he was born in a poor village in Huangang City in Hubei province. He managed to cross the rural/urban divide by passing the university entrance exam, thus acquiring urban citizenship status. His case was very rare. The entire family invested in his future and indeed, Sun got a first job after graduation. In the period before obtaining the temporary residence permit, Sun Zhigang got arrested for not showing proper documentation of residence. His roommate Cheng, tried multiple times to bail him out, but he was refused contact with Sun. Sun tried as well different methods to escape: he got into an argument with the police and later, claimed he was sick. Eventually, Sun got singled out for corporal punishment and got beaten up and killed by eight detainees on March 20, 2003. His parents were told Sun died of heart disease. They didn't want to believe it, but as peasants, they had no money or connections to carry out investigations. However, Sun's classmates helped them find out the truth and publish the true story in local and national media outlets. Lots of people
and newspapers got involved and everyone heard about the story. Debate around media and internet participation, but also around the urban welfare system and migrant workers. Editors and journalists who published Sun's story got arrested, but media participation got them reduced sentences. - Wang Binyu's case; also 27-year old in 2005. He was also born into a poor village and worked as a migrant worker since he was 17. All he wanted was to collect unpaid wage to help his father who had broken his leg. The boss refused to pay him for a long time and eventually kicked him out of the dorm. When Wang went to his boss's wife, he got kicked, slapped and cursed by the boss's wife, foreman and neighbors. Wang came back with a fruit knife and killed 4 people and injured others. For that, Wang was sentenced to death in June 2005. Journalists covered his story immediately, which turned into heated debate online. In spite of the media mobilization, Wang got executed.
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- Summer '19
- Government, People's Republic of China, Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao