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oThe Cairo Declaration was issued on November 27th1943 and stated that the Allie’s intentions were to continue deploying military force until Japan surrendered.oStated three things:Wanted Japan to be stripped of all islands in the pacific which they had taken hold of since 1914.All territories Japan had stolen from the Chinese. Korea to become free and independent. •The “Big Three” (FDR, Churchhill, Stalin) at Tehran, IranoFDR, Churchill, and Stalin all met at the Tehran Conference in December of 1943 to discussing a second front against Nazi Germany by the Western Allies. oThe Conference also addressed relations between the Allies and Turkey and Iran, operations in Yugoslavia and against Japan and a post-war settlement. oThe Big Three also recognized Iran’s independence. •The Liberation of FranceoOperation Overlord/General Dwight D. EisenhowerCode name for “Battle of Normandy” which launched the invasion of German-occupied western Europe during WWII by the Allies. 12,000 plane airborne assault preceded an amphibious assault involving 7,000 vessels. All of the allied forces contributed to fighting against Germany. The battle of Normandy continued for more than two months, with campaigns to expand the foothold on France, and it concluded with the liberation of Paris and the German retreat across the Seine was completed on August 30, 1944. oD-Day: June 6, 1944When Operation Overload commenced with the Normandy Landings. oThe Battle of the Bulge/General Omar BradleyThirty divisions, supported by 1,000 air-craft, hit a lightly held sector of the American lines, broke through, and opened a bulge 40 miles wide and 60 miles deep in the Allied front. The 101stairborne held on to a critical road junctionand slowed the German advance until Allies brought in reinforcements. The Battle of the Bulge lasted a month and cost more than 10,000 American dead and 47,000 wounded, but the German army had lost the ability to resist. oHitlers “Final Solution”/The Holocaust
United States did not help as much as they could have with the holocaust because they felt it wasn’t their problem, and they were burdens that they did not want to deal withNazi’s extermination reached America in 1942. Roosevelt’s knowledge of the Holocaust was considered “the worst failure of his presidency”The Atomic Bomb•The Pacific OffensiveoGeneral MacArthur and Admiral Chester NimitzMacArthur preferred a thrust from Australia through the Solomon Islands and New Guinea to take the Phillipines. Nimitz preferred a thrust across the central Pacific to seize islands as staging areas for an air and land assault of Japan. oIsland-Hopping CampaignThis was done to get close enough for a knock out blow at Japan.