Diaspora When a group of people either willingly or unwillingly moves, migrates, or is scattered away from their ancestral homeland. A diaspora is also the worldwide community of people resulting from relocating to new countries. Pan-Africanism A movement to unite native Africans and others of African background into a total African community. It recognizes the shared struggles against slavery, racism, and the colonial attitudes of the past. Pan-African congresses Five meetings of important Pan-Africanists between 1919 and 1945 that were intended to address the problems in Africa caused by the European process of establishing colonies. People who attempt to spread their religious beliefs to others, often by establishing schools, working with the poor, and other acts of charity. Imperialism The policy by which a nation increases its power by taking over land in another part of the world or by taking over other countries. "white man's burden" The idea that white people had a responsibility to rule over nonwhites and teach them white culture. This would supposedly be for the good of the nonwhite populations. This idea came from the belief that nonwhites were inferior. "scramble for Africa’ ’The taking of African territory by European nations in the late 1800s and early 1900s. By agreeing to divide the continent among them, European countries hoped to avoid war with one another. Berlin Conference A meeting held by the most powerful nations in Europe in 1884 to decide how to divide up Africa. Nationalism The belief that a nation is defined by a shared language, culture, or set of beliefs. It also involves a pride in one's country.
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