Thought they would stumble onto gold and have an easy

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Thought they would stumble onto gold and have an easy time with local women like the Spanish.Colony had labor problem because people lacked incentive, usually limited to one trade, work few hours, and have bad working habits. Eventually contributes to “Starving Time.”1609 London Stock Company re-charters and the Virginia Company and is granted more land.1609-10 winter was “worst ever”, Indians killed off livestock in woods and kept colonists barricaded within palisade.Colony’s first governor is Lord De La Warr (later succeeded by Sir Thomas Dale and Sir Thomas Gate) and imposed harsh & rigid discipline on the colony.Later in Virginia, property owners received 50 acres for every additional person imported.settlement survived in part because Captain John Smith recognized the importance of building houses and raising foodaid from Native Americanssettlers’ realization that they must produce their own food and the introduction of tobacco as a cash crop saved the colony James I revoked the company’s charter in 1624, and Virginia became a royal colony
Maryland And the Carolinaswhere I left of17th century, English colonization shifted to proprietary effortsAttempts were made to establish current day Maryland as retreat away from England by Lord George Calvert. proprietors hoped to obtain profit and political power Maryland was one of the first proprietary coloniesestablished under a grant to the Calvert family Lord Baltimore hoped not only to profit but to create a refuge for Catholics 1632 Calvert’s son, Cecilius (second Lord Baltimore) establish colony, heirs were to hold their province as true & “absolute lords and proprietary’s”.Attracted Protestants and Catholics by adopting religious toleration through the Toleration Acts.1675 Nathanial Bacon organizes army to defend the frontier and launches attacks against Indians.Catholics remained a minority in the colony, and Baltimore agreed to the Toleration Actguaranteed freedom of religion to all Christiansin what is now known as the Carolinas, proprietors, with the help of John Locke, drafted a plan of government called Fundamental Constitutionstwo separate societies emerged in Carolinanorth was poorer and more primitiveCharleston colony to the south developed an economy based on trade in fur and on the export of foodstuffs West Indies-Caribbean ColonizationSpanish established Hispaniola in 1496 in Caribbean islands.Sugar was most lucrative crop in the Caribbean.Heavily dependent on slaves from AfricaBlacks were able to sustain their religious beliefs and practices.
“Purifying” the Church of EnglandUnder Elizabeth I, the Church of England became the official churchElizabeth I’s “middle way”Catholics who could not reconcile themselves left the countryothers practiced their faith in privateother sects of Protestantism formedPuritans who objected to the rich vestments, the use of candles, and the use of music in services; Puritans’ belief in predestination also set them apart from the Anglican church Some Puritans, later called Congregationalists, also favored autonomy for individual churches

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