Vii how did the executive branch influence

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VII.HOW DID THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH INFLUENCE PROGRESSIVE ERA REFORM? A.PHILIPPINE INSURECTIONi.February 4, 1899 – July 2, 1902ii.Philippines object to US occupationiii.Americans suppress an independence movementiv.Philippine Water Cure: “mild” method of torture to compel information B. WHY DOES THE US CARE ABOUT ALL OF THE LITTLE ISLANDS? i. Expansion of markets ii. Need more mining stations/places to refill coal (coaling stations) 1. Rising world power 2. Ships running on coal C. ROOSEVELT THE WAR HERO i. Elected as NY governor in 1898 after returning from war ii. Becomes popular due to war record, efforts at reforming governmental bureaucracy, and contributing political corruption D. MARK HANNA i. Ohio senator that organized McKinley’s presidential campaign ii. Architect of Republican party at the time iii. Nominated Roosevelt as McKinley’s VP in 1900 1. Attempt to stall Roosevelt’s career by putting him in McKinley’s shadow E. WILLIAM MCKINLEY i. President: March 4, 1897 – September 14, 1901 ii. Opposed William Jennings Bryan iii. Seen as “safe bet” by corporations F. ASSASSINATION i. Leon Czolgosz kills McKinley at The Temple of Music and the Pan-American Exhibition ii. Buffalo, NY – September 6, 1901 iii. McKinley recovered and then died from infection G. LEON CZOLGOSZ i. Emblematic of threat of anarchy to US democracy OR the dispersion of dissatisfied immigrants? H. THEODORE ROOSEVELT i. President: 1901-1909 1. McKinley died in first 6 months of his term ii. Enacts various reforms 1. Popular to public but not Republican leaders iii. Expands president’s power through executive orders and “bully pulpit” I.WHAT IS THE BULLY PULPIT? i. Sermons of intimidation to make people do what the president wants 1. Ex: Trump’s tweets J.WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT i. Roosevelt’s protégé ii. President: 1909-1913 iii. Chief Justice: 1921-1930 1. Only American to serve highest judicial and executive positions
iv. Effective administrator, less effective politician v. Vowed to complete Roosevelt’s reform but not start new ones vi. Too conservative for Roosevelt K. WOODROW WILSON i. Southern intellectual ii. President: 1913-1921 iii. Enacts federal reform but is very conservative iv. Roosevelt can’t distinguish himself from Wilson’s “New Freedom” v. Roosevelt and Taft split Republican vote L. HOW DID THE PRESIDENCY SHAPE PROGRESSIVE ERA POLITICS i. Roosevelt creates progressive party ii. Roosevelt expands/reforms bureaucracy iii. Military policies shapes US foreign policy VIII. PROGRESSIVISM: THE GOOD LECTURE A. WHAT IS PROGRESSIVISM? i. Urban instead of rural ii. Faith in material culture iii. Push for direct democracy B. POLITICAL REFORM i. Political machines, spoils system, and patronage seen as harmful to democracy 1. Policies enacted to limit political influence ii. Civil service exam 1. Hired for jobs because of merit rather than patronage C. DIRECT DEMOCRACY i. Australian Ballot (aka Secret Ballot) – what we have now ii. Direct election of senators instead of appointment 1. 17 th amendment (1913) D. LABOR LAWS i. Cease child labor (idea of “childhood” grows) ii. 8 hour work day iii. Workers compensation for work related injuries 1. Many reforms have longer history but achieve adherence and regulatory controls with Progressivism E. TRIANGLE SHIRTWAIST FACTORY FIRE i.

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