DSST Fundamentals of counseling

The abc theory of personality is central to rational

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The ABC theory of personality is central to Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. A is an activating event B is the person’s belief C is the person’s emotional and behavioral consequence or reaction In Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy the event (A) does not cause the reaction (C); rather the belief (B) is what largely causes the emotional reaction C). Example is a person experiences depression after the death of a loved one, the death itself is not the cause of the depression the belief that the person can’t function on their own is the cause of the depression. In the ABC theory of personality, A is the activating event. A is an activating event B is the person’s belief C is the person’s emotional and behavioral consequence or reaction In the ABC theory of personality, the emotional reaction (C) is caused by A (activating event) or B (the belief)? B B the belief. The event itself is not what causes a reaction it is the underlying belief about how the event will affect the person that actually influences the reaction. Rational Emotive Behavioral therapy insists that self blame is at the core of most psychological disorders. Ellis contends that people have internalized rules or “should’s” and “must’s” that if not met cause feelings of failure and self-loathing. These irrational ideals that we hold ourselves to, form the basis of most emotional dysfunction. An example of a self-defeating internalization is “I must do everything perfectly.” The first time a project ends up less than perfect (which is more often than not) the emotional response is a feeling of failure and disappointment. The relationship between a cognitive behavioral counselor and client is based on full acceptance and tolerance. The counselor must demonstrate complete acceptance of the client while at the same time build enough trust to dispute any irrational or illogical patterns of thinking. The client is often asked to complete cognitive homework (make lists, identify patterns), and change their internal language. These cognitive and behavioral approaches work in unison to get the
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person thinking in a way that is congruent with the way they want to act. One of the most important contemporary theories on the cause of depression is Beck 's theory of depression, which states that depression is caused by an individual's thoughts being biased toward the negative. Aaron Beck's theory contends that the causative factors in depression are an individual's thoughts being biased toward negative interpretations. Beck describes this as a negative triad, where people's thoughts about themselves, the world, and the future are all biased toward the negative. According to Beck, a conclusion reached in the absence of any adequate evidence is called arbitrary inference.
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