As intrusive as this all is, it is also clear that many Americans are willing to give up some of their privacy in the interests of feeling they have achieved more security.
Should We Play God? The Case of Genetic Engineering Biotechnology : the use of organisms or parts of organisms to make products or carry out tasks (Rifkin, 1998). o Biotech is based on a very important discovery: the identification in 1953 of the nature of DNA as the basic genetic material that is found in each cell and contains the “blueprint” for the entire organism. Genetic engineering or manipulating the genes of organisms to alter the organisms’ characteristics in ways that would not have occurred naturally. o One way of doing this is recombinant DNS or gene splicing in which some DNA from one organism is spliced into the genetic material of another organism to produce some new characteristics in the host or even a novel form of life. Gene splicing has been used to produce large quantities of insulin and interferon. A problem with biotech crops up when consideration is given to applying the tech to human beings. In 2009, 88% of those surveyed said that cloning of human beings was morally wrong (Saad, 2009). Should we play God? We may be doing it to an extent already. When considering this, the word hubris comes to mind, deriving from the Greek word meaning “insolence.” The Greeks used the term nemesis to refer to the divine punishment visited upon humans who had presumed to invade the realms reserved for the gods. o Critics of biotech fear that we’ll confront a nemesis in some as yet unknown form if we invade the biotech frontier without great patience and caution. Future Prospects 5.5 Describe & evaluate the reforms that have been considered or implemented in order to alleviate the problems in the area of education and do the same for the reforms that have been considered or implemented in order to alleviate the problems in the realms of science and technology. Reforms & Trends in Education Educators and laypeople alike seem to be constantly tinkering with the US educational system, and there are many ideas for reforms to make it more effective. This section explores the major innovations, with an eye on evidence regarding their effectiveness.
PARENTAL CHOICE & CHARTER SCHOOLS Somme educators and politicians have suggested that education is like any other consumer market and that schools should compete for students in the same way that other businesses compete for customers–in free and open competition. If schools had to attract students by convincing them and their parents that they had the best education to offer, then the schools would be motivated to provide the best product: superior teachers, excellent resources, and solid programs. This reform is sometimes called parental choice or school choice; private and religious schools in the US already operate in such an environment.
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- Fall '17
- Sociology, Science & Technology