O guy has good argument girl is bitching o guy is

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o Guy has good argument, girl is bitching o Guy is ambitious, girl is aggressive o Girl is sensitive, guy is weak Gender Ideologies and Traditional Gender Roles Sociobiology: study of biology’s affects on social behavior, controversial because all behavior is affected by environment, socialization and culture o Evolution & genetic factors explain behavior Social Learning Theory: people learn attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors through social interaction; reinforcement, imitation, observation, and modeling (parents typically most powerful role models) o Ex boy being told that boys don’t cry punish boy for crying Cognitive Development Theory: children acquire male/female values on their own by thinking, reasoning, and interpreting information in their environment o By 3 or 4 one knows they prefer girl things o Children use cues from social world o Impression management takes new role in age of social media Symbolic Interaction Theory: gender roles are socially constructed categories that emerge in social situations; we accommodate behavior to other people’s expectations through impression management Feminist Theory Gender Roles in Adulthood Traditional roles can be good when the couple works out mutual satisfying arrangements and responsibilities Women do more child care & house work Chapter 7 Sexuality and Human Development Sexual identity: awareness of ourselves as male or female and the way we express sexual values, attitudes, and beliefs. Sexuality is a multidimensional concept that incorporates: o Sexual desire: sexual drive that makes us receptive to sexual activity o Sexual response: biological aspects of sexuality (pleasure & orgasm) o Sexual orientation: preference for sexual partners
Heterosexuality: opposite sex attraction Homosexuality: same sex attraction Bisexuality: attracted to both sexes Asexuality: lacks sexual desire, often temporary Heterosexism: the belief that heterosexuality is superior to and more natural than homosexuality Homophobia: a fear and hatred of homosexuality Who Influences Our Sexual Behavior EVERYONE We are most likely to hear about sex from peers We are least likely to hear about sex from siblings Media, pop culture Sex Education o Research shows that abstinence-only curriculum does NOT delay initiation of sex o 90% of parents in favor of SEC in schools Sexuality Throughout Life Adolescents: many have sex before understanding sexual anatomy and contraception. Cultural attitudes and expectations influence teens sexual experience Singles: we are staying single for longer periods of time because of a variety of factors Marriage: most married couples report being happy with sex lives. The longer the marriage, the report of sexual satisfaction increases Middle years: couples report less sex, but they report that other things in their lives are more important Later life: sexual activity decreases but does not dissapear CHAPTER 6 Friendship and Love
Eight qualities of friendship o

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