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Cooper, Hasnain-Wynia, & Baker, 2011). Thanks to this, the quality of healthcare delivery has seen a boost positive effects such as increasing satisfaction with care, and promoting patient empowerment.A second strength of HIPAA deals with pre-existing norms. HIPAA prevents any kind of discrimination based on genetic conditions or certain stated health factors of a person. It also considered the pre-existing conditions of the company, where it allowed the inclusion of health issues
and treatments for the previous six months, but no further. Also if those kind of conditions do exist, coverage can be delayed 12-18 months only.A third strength deals with simplification and portability in regards to the people. “HIPAA aims to simplify the entire process by giving the people greater flexibility and definite rules while expandingthe coverage base. This act provides people with better support to change their healthcare coverage. The prior policy that the people have had many limits or removes the exclusion period” (Health Research Funding, 2014).ConsThe impact of the privacy rule and HIPAA on patients can be considered both beneficial or a hindrance to patient care depending on which health discipline is asked. In an article by Steinberg & Rubin in 2009, “it is reported that since the 2003 implementation of the Privacy Rule barriers have been created involving research at academic health centers by slowing the pace of studies, increasing the costs, and significantly hindering participation of individuals in important research studies” (Steinberg & Rubin 2009). Accessing medical records or other data that is now considered PHI faces barriers when research is being conducted across multiple institutions or sites because of the HIPAA Privacy Rule andthe fact that restrictions are on the provider who has the information to begin with. Due to access acrossmultiple sites and institutions, there is widespread use of technology and electronic formats in order to process, store, and share the data causing an increase in maintenance and IT costs just to keep it safe and going. Security measures need to be constantly updated and secured against unauthorized access, use, stealing, corruption, and hacking.Unintended impactsA possible major unintended impact due to HIPAA, in regards to technology being used, personal health information can easily be accessed by outsiders due to programs being hacked. In
February 2015, the largest health care breach ever happened, with more than 113 million medical records being compromised. According to James Scott, co-founder and senior fellow at the Institute for Critical Infrastructure Technology (ICIT) in Washington, D.C., “electronic health records are 100 times more valuable than stolen credit cards. Hospitals and insurance companies are such a big target, first, because of the payoff” (Akpan, 2016).