Mars ○ Can be different sizes of rocks ○ Can form desert pavement ● Salt flats ● Fertile crescent (Levant) is not arid ○ encompasses many major rivers ● Coastal fringes ○ Mediterranean ○ mild throughout the year, wet in winter ○ Mediterranean diet: Citrus, wheat, grains, olives, grapes, dates, nuts, fish, veggies ○ Morocco, Algeria, Israel, Lebanon, Turkey, Scattered in coasts of Arabian peninsula ● Mountainous areas of Turkey and Iran, Morocca, Iraq ○ Well watered, can get snow ○ Northwest of Iran and a lot of Turkey get significant precipitation ○ Gets snow by mountains
3.1.2 ● Most of North Africa is below 500 m above sea level ● Dry river valley - wadees ● Exceptions - ergs, rocky outcrops ○ Tibesti Mountains in N. Chad ■ 11,300 ft above sea level (not a range) ○ Atlas mountains ■ Anti, High, Middle, Tell, Saharan, Aras ■ 9-12,000 ft ■ isolates the fringe with the rest, not separating the people ■ Makes the coastal areas around it more mediterranean ● weather and culture, interaction with mediterranean ● Arabian peninsula has an escarpment running down ○ an abrupt jump in elevation that separates two level areas of differing elevations ■ South Africa, Cape Town ○ Sarawat Mountains ■ 3000-6000 ft ■ separates the fringe ■
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- Fall '08