requires cruelty, Machiavelli warns that the prince should not act too quickly. Even if a prince has a reputation for cruelty, Machiavelli claims that this will not lead to his downfall.Whereas being cruel to the people is acceptable if it cannot be avoided, Machiavelli claims that being cruel as a military leader is indispensable. Being lenient toward soldiers can lead only to bad consequences, according to Machiavelli. To illustrate this, he gives the contrasting examples of the famous Carthaginian general Hannibal and the famous Roman general Scipio Africanus. Hannibal's troops endured great hardship underhis command because they knew to disobey him meant death. In contrast, Scipio's armies disobeyed and mutinied because they knew that he was hesitant to punish them.The topic of this chapter is to what extent a prince should be honest, and to what extent he should be deceitful. Machiavellicites a myth from ancient Greece to illustrate the characteristics of an effective prince. The story is that famed princes of the ancient world, such as Achilles, were sent to the centaur Chiron to be trained. Centaurs, being half human and half horse, represent the dual nature of people: part human and part beast. The distinctively human part of people's nature is the one that makes them honorable and good, whereas the distinctively bestial part is the one that makes them dishonorable and bad. Hence, an effective prince, who must deal with the world the wayit actually is rather than the way it should be, must be able to be both man and beast.